Index crimes as classified by the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports
include murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.
Sources of statistical information include the Uniform Crime Reports related to violent crimes; the National Crime Information Center searches identifying violent fugitives; the Bureau of Justice Statistics for criminal statistical analysis; the National Drug Intelligence Center for statistics and trends; and public sources of information, such as the International Association of Chiefs of Police, the National Sheriffs' Association, the National Insurance Crime Bureau, and medical facilities, for trends in violent crimes.
2 Crime in the United States - 1993, Uniform Crime Reports, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, DC, 1994.
The Uniform Crime Reports
generates a reliable set of criminal statistics for use in law enforcement administration, operations, and management.
Using the "blueprint," and in consultation with local and State law enforcement executives, FBI personnel formulated new guidelines for Uniform Crime Reports.
The development of Uniform Crime Reports in the 1920s led to the recognition of recordkeeping standards for law enforcement throughout the Nation.
In the 1929 Foreword to Uniform Crime Reporting: A Complete Manual for the Police, the International Association of Chiefs of Police's Committee on Uniform Crime Reports
stated, "The urgent need for national crime statistics in the United States is so well recognized as to require no debate.
The American public looks to Uniform Crime Reports
for information on fluctuations in the level of crime, and criminologists, sociologists, legislators, municipal planners, the media, and other students of criminal justice use the statistics for varied research and planning purposes.
The IACP published the statistics that they collected thereafter in a monthly pamphlet titled Uniform Crime Reports
for the United States and Its Possessions and distributed it to participating agencies and other interested parties.
The first Uniform Crime Reports
monthly bulletin for January 1930 contained reports of offenses committed in 400 cities located in 43 states.
1 "Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report
," Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, DC, released May 5, 1996.
Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report
, January-June *