Weight

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WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre of the earth.
     2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
     3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:


     1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common dealings of life. 27 1/3 1/2 grains = 1 dram 16 drams = 1 ounce 16 ounces = 1 pound, (lb.) 28 pounds = 1 quarter, (qr.) 4 quarters = 1 hundred weight, (cwt.) 20 hundred weight = 1 ton. 2d. Used for meat and fish. 8 pounds = 1 stone 3d. Used in the wool trade.
     Cwt. qr. lb. 7 pounds = 1 clove 14 pounds = 1 stone = 0 0 14 2 stones = 1 tod = 0 1 0 6 1/2 tods = 1 wey = 1 2 14 2 weys = 1 sack = 3 1 0 12 sacks = 1 last = 39 0 0 4th. Used for butter and cheese. 8 pounds = 1 clove 56 pounds = 1 firkin.
     2. TROY WEIGHT. 24 grams = 1 pennyweight 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce 12 ounces = 1 pound.

     4. These are the denominations of troy weight, when used for weighing gold, silver and precious stones, except diamonds. Troy weight is also used by apothecaries in compounding medicines; and by them the ounce is divided into eight drams, and the drain into three scruples, so that the latter is equal to twenty grains. For scientific purposes, the grain only is used, and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one-hundredth of a grain. The caret, used for weighing diamonds, is three and one-sixth grains.
     5. A short account of the French weights and measures is given under the article Measure.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
With a survival rate of 80.2% among VLBW infants at IALCH, which is higher than most resource-limited centres in SA, a higher demand for care associated with medical and neurodevelopmental complications of prematurity is expected at this centre.
Table 1: Characteristics of Hospitals and NICUs (n = 134) Participants (*) Concentration of VLBW Black Infants ([dagger]) Total Low (< 11%) Medium High (11-31%) (> 31%) Number of N= 134 N= 49 N= 54 N= 31 hospitals Hospital characteristics Bed size [less than or equal to] 20 27 24 3 250beds 250-500 beds 51 55 46 55 >500beds 28 18 30 42 Teaching hospital Non 31 41 24 26 Minor 46 47 50 35 Major 24 12 26 39 High technology 74 82 07 74 Child hospital type General 73 80 69 71 Freestanding 8 8 11 3 Nested 19 12 20 26 State California 57 84 57 13 Pennsylvania 19 16 19 26 Florida 13 0 9 39 Newjersey 11 0 15 23 NICU characteristics AAP level II 8 14 7 0 III 71 65 74 74 IV 21 20 19 26 NICU census, 24 (14) 21(11) 24(16) 29 (14) mean (SD) (**) p Value of High vs.
VLBW adults were significantly shorter and lighter and their systolic and pulse pressures significantly higher than in controls.
Abraham, "Decreased cost and improved feeding tolerance in VLBW infants fed an exclusive human milk diet," Journal of Perinatology, vol.
Current nutrition guidelines for VLBW infants recommend early aggressive nutrition, comprised of parenteral nutrition with high amino acid supplementation (2-3 g/kg/day) and initiation of minimal enteral feeding as soon as possible after birth in order to improve neurological outcomes by avoiding extrauterine growth restriction.
[119] in 18 VLBW newborns; hsPDA closure rate seemed to be higher in those treated with oral compared to iv paracetamol administration after two courses of therapy, but this result was not statistically significant.
Talavera and her associates cited the lack of a control nursery that did not implement these interventions as a major limitation of their study, but the study results would seem to make an excellent case for implementation of this simple, low-risk, low-cost interventional plan to reduce NEC among VLBW infants.
However, using cost data on PTB, we And that a very low-birth (VLBW) weight neonate (< 28 weeks or 1,500 gms) costs 28 times that a term delivery costs ($280,146 versus $9,803) (42-45) and a low-birth weight neonate (28-34 weeks or < 2,500 gms) costs 4 times what a term neonate costs ($38,367 versus $9,393) (42-45) In our analysis, by preventing only 1 very low birth weight neonate (< 28 weeks or <1,500 gms) in our care pathway, we save over $239,000 in hospital costs alone, and, by preventing only 1 low birth weight neonate (28-34 weeks or <2,500 gms), we essentially are at a breakeven point for cost of screening with therapy.
[6] Advances in perinatal and neonatal medicine in the past two decades have resulted in improved survival rates of premature and very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants.
The investigators' finding "has implications for mental health service access." In addition, it shows that teachers need education about the long-term mental health risks faced by very-low-birthweight (VLBW) children, said Dr.
The proportion of low birth weight (LBW) or very low birth weight babies (VLBW) is high among teenage mothers compared to older mothers; this low birth weight may have an adverse long-term effect on their health and development.
Hypocitraturia is one of the major risk factors for nephrocalcinosis in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.