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The intentional and malicious destruction of or damage to the property of another.

The intentional destruction of property is popularly referred to as vandalism. It includes behavior such as breaking windows, slashing tires, spray painting a wall with graffiti, and destroying a computer system through the use of a computer virus. Vandalism is a malicious act and may reflect personal ill will, although the perpetrators need not know their victim to commit vandalism. The recklessness of the act imputes both intent and malice.

Because the destruction of public and private property poses a threat to society, modern statutes make vandalism a crime. The penalties upon conviction may be a fine, a jail sentence, an order to pay for repairs or replacement, or all three. In addition, a person who commits vandalism may be sued in a civil tort action for damages so that the damaged property can be repaired or replaced.

Vandalism is a general term that may not actually appear in criminal statutes. Frequently, these statutes employ the terms criminal mischief, malicious mischief, or malicious trespass as opposed to vandalism. A group of individuals can be convicted of conspiring or acting concertedly to commit vandalism. Generally, the attempt to commit vandalism is an offense as well, but the penalties for attempted vandalism are not as severe as the penalties for a completed act. Penalties also depend on the value of the property destroyed or the cost of repairing it.

To obtain a conviction the prosecution must ordinarily prove that the accused damaged or destroyed some property, that the property did not belong to the accused, and that the accused acted willfully and with malice. In the absence of proof of damage, the defendant may be guilty of Trespass, but not vandalism. If there is no proof that the defendant intentionally damaged the property, the defendant cannot be convicted of the crime but can be held liable for monetary damages in a civil action.

Some state statutes impose more stringent penalties for the destruction of certain types of property. Such statutes might cover the desecration of a church or synagogue, the destruction of jail or prison property by inmates, and the intentional destruction of property belonging to a public utility.

Destructive acts will not be excused merely because the defendants acted out of what they thought was a noble purpose. Political demonstrators may exercise their First Amendment rights of Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Association and Assembly, but if they deface, for example, government property with spray-painted slogans, they can be convicted of vandalism.

The peak period for committing relatively minor property crimes is between the ages of fifteen and twenty-one. In the United States adolescent vandalism, including the wanton destruction of schools, causes millions of dollars of damage each year. Apprehending vandals is often difficult, and the costs of repairing the damage are passed on to taxpayers, private property owners, and insurance companies. Some states hold parents financially responsible for vandalism committed by their minor children, up to specified limits. These statutes are designed to encourage parental supervision and to shift part of the cost of vandalism from the public to the individuals who are best able to supervise the children who destroyed the property.


Juvenile Law.


destruction of, or damage to, property, usually but not necessarily maliciously. Scots law has a statutory offence that criminalizes this behaviour.
References in periodicals archive ?
But it might already be unravelling for the MNS as some of the activists involved in the vandalisation of the movie theatres this week have expressed regret and stated on the record that they felt betrayed by Nandgaonkar's letter which showed that their leaders do not practice what they preach.
By her use of fragile covers for the empty and fragile pipes (made of paper), Omeje appears to be drawing our attention to the current crisis in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria where restive youths (who are agitating against long years of government neglect) have now turned to illegal oil bunkering and even outright vandalisation of oil pipelines.
In a statement issued by NHRC Secretary Bishal Khanal today, the constitutional rights watchdog has pointed out the need to alert the security mechanism towards averting the possible activities of vandalisation of public property, assault and to make the Maoists' demonstration peaceful.
The vandalisation of Aglandjia's 5th Primary School on Tuesday night was the latest in a string of such attacks.
It may have been this broader collective expression of struggle that led to its vandalisation by unknown people shortly after its erection.
The work is made more drastic by its proximity to the nesting season, hence the claims of vandalisation and disregard for the natural life of the park.
In some parts of the territory, there has been a marked reduction in violent hostage-taking and vandalisation of oil installations, but in others there has been escalating criminal activity against local political leaders instead of against the oil industry.
Instead, the community's struggles against the developers are redoubled under the auspices of utu, with Tangimoana's vandalisation of the development prompting court cases that are ongoing at the text's close.
Obasanjo said concerted efforts were on to achieve this aim as governors of states in the region were also in the vanguard of fighting crimes associated with vandalisation of oil facilities.
He sought to stamp out "anti-social vices such as piracy, hostage taking, oil pipeline vandalisation, and so on.
NNPC reported 800 cases of pipeline vandalisation from January through October 2000.
Quinn was summoned to the headquarters of the Hong Kong Jockey Club following the vandalisation on Sunday of a car belonging to trainer Brian Kan, who had sacked Quinn as his stable jockey earlier in the season.