VECTIGALIA. Among the Romans this word signified duties which were paid to the prince for the importation and exportation of certain merchandise. They differed from tribute, which was a tax paid by each individual. Code, 4, 61, 5 and 13.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
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De ello da cuenta fidedigna Gayo, quien sostiene que los llamados publicanos, es decir, recaudadores de impuestos, gozaban del derecho de tomar en prenda (pignoris capio) y vender mediante subasta los bienes del obligado tributario, constituido en deudor insolvente: "item lege censoria data est pignoris capio publicanis vectigalium publicorum populi Romani adversus eos qui aliqua lege vectigalia deberent (39)".
The salt mines were considered a public good, the income derived from their exploitation was being taxed and these taxes called vectigalia.
(9) He created two new taxes, the collatio lustralis and the collatio glebalis, seems to have transferred local custom fees and vectigalia from city to imperial finances, and to have increased the rate of indiction: see A.
As there are no such mines in Thessaly, Trogus or Justin has introduced a mistake in abbreviating, and we should suggest something like vectigalia ('revenues') in its place.(4) That Philip should be in Thessaly early in 347 was to be expected.