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Lee, "Modulation of early growth response gene 1 and interleukin-8 expression by ribotoxin deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin) via ERK1/2 in human epithelial intestine 407 cells," Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol.
As a result of industry feedback, CME says the following modifications will be implemented with the September 2013 wheat futures contract: 1) wheat containing four parts per million (ppm) of vomitoxin no longer will be considered a deliverable grade (currently, wheat containing 4 ppm of vomitoxin can be delivered at a discount of 24 cents to the contract's price); and 2) the discount for SRW wheat containing three ppm of vomitoxin will be increased from 12 cents per bushel to 20 cents per bushel.
They test for nine contaminants including aflatoxin, DON (Vomitoxin), melamine, cyanuric acid, ochratoxin, fumonisin, zearalenone, salmonella, and E.
There are rapid tests available that can determine if mycotoxins are present Table 13-3 Summary of mycotoxin incidence in 586 samples of livestock feed collected in North Carolina from 1989-1993 Genus of mold Aspergillus Fusarium Fusarium responsible: Mycotoxin Aflatoxin Fumonisin Zearalenone Incidence in feed 11.4% 28.4% 18% Genus of mold Fusarium Fusarium responsible: Mycotoxin Trichothecenes- Trichothecenes- Deoxynivalenol T-2 toxin (DON or vomitoxin) Incidence in feed 67.5% 4.2% From Jones, Genter, Hagler, Hansen, Mowrey, Poore, & Whitlow, (1994).
Vomitoxin (deoxynivalenol) levels in NC-Neuse (7.9 [micro]g g-l) and Ernie (6.6 [micro]g g-l) were not significantly different.
Evaluation of different sources of deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin) fed to swine.
* Digestive-system effects (including diarrhea, vomiting, intestinal hemorrhage, and liver effects such as necrosis and fibrosis) are associated with aflatoxin; caustic effects on mucous membranes are associated with T-2 toxin; and anorexia is associated with vomitoxin.
Effects of deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin) on the humoral and cellular immunity of mice.
Pestka, and L.P.Hart, 'Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay employing monoclonal antibody specific for deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin) and several analogues', J.
His current projects include using NIRS to detect wheat color class, durum vitreousness, scab and vomitoxin. He also uses this technology to identify insect species and parasitoids, and age-grade insects.