war crime

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war crime

a concept of international law that denotes prohibited activities even during the carnage of war. It includes crimes against humanity, genocide and mistreatment of civilians and captured combatants. The problem has been that familiar in international law of enforcement. The high point of recognition was in the Nuremberg trials of German politicians, soldiers and others after the Second World War. In more recent times, the establishment of a war crimes tribunal, which has tried individuals during a state of conflict, has lent the concept a stronger core.

The statute of the International Criminal Court defines war crimes. It is directed to conduct which takes place in the context of and was associated with an international armed conflict where the perpetrator was aware of factual circumstances that established the existence of an armed conflict. The enumerated crimes are: the transfer, directly or indirectly, by the Occupying Power of parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies, or the deportation or transfer of all or parts of the population of the occupied territory within or outside this territory; attacking protected objects; attacking undefended places; attacking personnel or objects involved in a humanitarian assistance or peacekeeping mission; attacking objects or persons using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions; attacking civilians; attacking civilian objects; biological experiments; compelling service in hostile forces; compelling participation in military operations; cruel treatment; denying quarter; depriving the nationals of the hostile power of rights or actions; destroying or seizing the enemy's property; destruction and appropriation of property; employing prohibited bullets; employing prohibited gases, liquids, materials or devices; employing poison or poisoned weapons; enforced sterilization; enforced prostitution; excessive incidental death, injury, or damage; forced pregnancy; improper use of a flag, insignia or uniform of the hostile party; improper use of the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions; improper use of a flag of truce; improper use of a flag, insignia or uniform of the United Nations; inhuman treatment; killing or wounding a person hors de combat; medical or scientific experiments; murder; mutilation; outrages upon personal dignity; pillaging; rape; sentencing or execution without due process; sexual violence; sexual slavery; starvation as a method of warfare; taking hostages; torture; treacherously killing or wounding; unlawful deportation and transfer; unlawful confinement; using protected persons as shields; wilful killing; wilfully causing great suffering.

Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
Beverly Izes, has proposed that the UN formally legitimize State-sponsored abductions of war criminals by defining an explicit set of circumstances that prescribe when a State may perpetrate a kidnapping.
'It is precisely these kinds of aggressive statements from Zagreb that indicate the need to spread and convey this truth even more forcefully around the world, because creating an atmosphere in Croatia where war criminals are the model of behavior represents the greatest threat to peace and stability in this part of Europe,' it is said in the statement of the Party of Democratic Action.
27, 2018 said the move amounted to open state support for the war criminals. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic, File/ MANILA BULLETIN)
The announcement was criticized vehemently by the Jewish community of Poland, since the museum was established to remind the world of the criminal acts of murder and genocide of the Nazi regime and its collaborators, and Cywinski was seen as offering a form of protection to war criminals in return for items which may have been stolen by those same criminals.
of suspected war criminals have been largely confined to the periods
Following the line of Zia another coup-deta general Ershad and after him Khaleda Zia, widow of Zia did the same to rehabilitate the war criminals and their party Jamat and Muslim league banned by Bangabandhu.
Mr Page obviously has written evidence of this charge or he would have declared that it was his opinion or that he believed that Mr Blair was a war criminal.
But they are distracted when these war criminals are being tried through less than fair means in the absence of recognized international principles and procedures.
People believe that the convicted war criminals not the ordinary Japanese people were to blame.
ROMA (CyHAN)- Nazi war criminal Erich Priebke spoke from beyond the grave on Thursday as his lawyer released a posthumous "video testament" for the man convicted of executing 335 civilians in caves near Rome.
Matin suggested if the government was unable to bring to justice war criminals, it should at least compensate their victims.
Activists blame the slow progress in transitional justice commitments made by the country to the presence of war criminals in government ranks and political expediency.