Animal

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ANIMAL, property. A name given to every animated being endowed with the power of voluntary motion. In law, it signifies all animals except those of the him, in species.
     2. Animals are distinguished into such as are domitae, and such as are ferae naturae.
     3. It is laid down, that in tame or domestic animals, such as horse, swine, sheep, poultry, and the like, a man may have an absolute property, because they continue perpetually in his possession and occupation, and will not stray from his house and person unless by accident or fraudulent enticement, in either of which cases the owner does not lose his property. 2 Bl. Com. 390; 2 Mod. 319. 1.
     4. But in animals ferae naturae, a man can have no absolute property; they belong to him only while they continue in his keeping or actual possession; for if at any they regain their natural liberty, his property instantly ceases, unless they have animum revertendi, which is only to be known by their usual habit of returning. 2 Bl. Com. 396; 3 Binn. 546; Bro. Ab. Propertie, 37; Com. Dig. Biens, F; 7 Co. 17 b; 1 Ch. Pr. 87; Inst. 2, 1, 15. See also 3 Caines' Rep. 175; Coop. Justin. 457, 458; 7 Johns. Rep. 16; Bro. Ab. Detinue, 44.
     5. The owner of a mischievous animal, known to him to be so, is responsible, when he permits him to go at large, for the damages he may do. 2 Esp. Cas. 482; 4 Campb. 198; 1 Starkie's Cas. 285; 1 Holt, 617; 2 Str.1264; Lord Raym. 110; B. N. P. 77; 1 B. & A. 620; 2 C. M.& R. 496; 5 C.& P. 1; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 187. This principle agrees with the civil law. Domat, Lois Civ. liv. 2, t. 8, s. 2. And any person may justify the killing of such ferocious animals. 9 Johns. 233; 10. Johns. 365; 13 Johns. 312. The owner, of such an animal may be indicted for a common nuisance. 1 Russ. Ch. Cr. Law, 643; Burn's Just., Nuisance, 1.
     6. In Louisiana, the owner of an animal is answerable for the damage he may cause; but if the animal be lost, or has strayed more than a day, he may discharge himself from this responsibility, by abandoning him to the person who has sustained the injury; except where the master turns loose a dangerous or noxious animal; for then he must pay all the harm done, without being allowed to make the abandonment. Civ. Code, art. 2301. See Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Each drawing had two variants, in one of which the red contour depicted a land animal, and in the other--a water animal. An example of the images used can be seen in Figure 5.
These reefs are vital marine ecosystems where water animals rely on food and shelter.
Clever, rhythmic lines roll off the tongue, and detailed drawings by Sarah Davis give each child a distinct personality while adding to the merriment, as first a giraffe then a parade of other land and water animals are roped, wrangled, and dragged by eager boys and girls to be presented as the misplaced hippo, lurking ever so subtly in the shadows.
A separate study in the same journal looked at 23 million years of marine fossils to determine which water animals have the biggest extinction risk and where.
Scientists have found that toxic chemicals are killing mammals and water animals.
Dr Chris Barber, director the International Space School Educational Trust (ISSET), said: "It is great that the Mission Discovery programme has not just given boys and girls the amazing opportunity of having their ideas carried out in space by astronauts and the brilliant experience of working with world class scientists at the University of Birmingham and King's College London, but has also enabled Birmingham to provide the first UK water animals to venture into space."
The total weight gain from Week 0 (before treatment onset) to Week 4 was 37 [+ or -] 3% and 54 [+ or -] 3% for fluoxetine and water animals, respectively, findings that are consistent with the substantial literature demonstrating appetite-suppressant effects of fluoxetine treatment [19, 20, 23].
The reason for the sudden death of the water species is yet to be determined but Khatri, who reached the lake yesterday afternoon, said some rain water entered the lake after torrential rains in the area and the local villagers said with the arrvial of deadly rain water animals started dying.
Research interests: ecology and ecotoxicology, microbiology of the digestive tract of water animals, assessment of anthropogenic impact on bacteria in the digestive tract of water animals.
Discuss with students that there are many different types of poisonous animals, including land animals and water animals, spiders, insects, reptiles, and amphiblans.
"Deep-sea animals, in general, tend to produce fewer offspring than shallower water animals, so if they are going to have a population impact, it may be more sensitive in deep water," reports Louisiana State University oceanographer Robert Carney.

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