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Even though water baptism did quickly become the universally recognized and set approach to Christian initiation, (48) not all Christians rushed to be baptized upon conversion or coming to mature faith.
(61) Differences in Judgment about Water Baptism, No Bar to Communion (1673): 4913/7642/2827/bun-confession.pdf.
As it is with Baptists, water baptism is a necessary ritual of initiation, but Spirit baptism is a conditionally essential experience of the Pentecostal community.
Thus in 7.22.2 the order and explanation is; anointing with oil as participation in the Spirit, water baptism symbolising death, then anointing with ointment ([GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) explained as a seal of the covenants.(15) Then there is the passage in 3.16, evidently based on the Didascalia Apostolorum,(16) which has diaconal anointing followed by episcopal anointing: in the episcopal laying on of hands the Bishop is to anoint the head only, after the OT priestly/kingly pattern, to make the initiates Christians.(17) The Bishop is to anoint after that type the heads of the candidates with the holy oil as a type of spiritual baptism.
The mode of baptism differentiated the Brethren from other early modern Anabaptists, like the Mennonites, and the requirement of water baptism separated the Brethren from their other theological contemporaries, the Radical Pietists, who favoured spiritual baptism.
Further, baptism in the Second Testament is both Spirit and water baptism, which are not two forms of baptism.
He later recalled that at the meeting, the Methodists "spoke very scurrilously of the Baptists, and our way of baptizing." (49) In response to this slanderous treatment, Osborne published, David and Goliath or a Treatise on Water Baptism (1807), which Robert Semple, a Virginia Baptist historian, called "the best treatise on baptism that has ever been published." (50) It was well known and circulated throughout the South.
Continuing this line of thought, Hubmaier's 1527 work, A Form of Water Baptism, provides more detail on the requirements of those entering the church.
Water Baptism and Spirit Baptism are a single indivisible action of the single indivisible Triune God.
Only by undergoing John's water baptism, a single, unrepeatable end-time event, can one hope to escape the final baptism by fire.
The third chapter, on baptism, focuses on its unity for Anabaptist thinkers, the union of inward and outward, of spiritual rebirth with water baptism. Baptism is no mere human confession.
In the Anabaptist perspective, water baptism is a strong communicating act; all communication happens through signs and symbols