Weight

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WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre of the earth.
     2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
     3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:


     1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common dealings of life. 27 1/3 1/2 grains = 1 dram 16 drams = 1 ounce 16 ounces = 1 pound, (lb.) 28 pounds = 1 quarter, (qr.) 4 quarters = 1 hundred weight, (cwt.) 20 hundred weight = 1 ton. 2d. Used for meat and fish. 8 pounds = 1 stone 3d. Used in the wool trade.
     Cwt. qr. lb. 7 pounds = 1 clove 14 pounds = 1 stone = 0 0 14 2 stones = 1 tod = 0 1 0 6 1/2 tods = 1 wey = 1 2 14 2 weys = 1 sack = 3 1 0 12 sacks = 1 last = 39 0 0 4th. Used for butter and cheese. 8 pounds = 1 clove 56 pounds = 1 firkin.
     2. TROY WEIGHT. 24 grams = 1 pennyweight 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce 12 ounces = 1 pound.

     4. These are the denominations of troy weight, when used for weighing gold, silver and precious stones, except diamonds. Troy weight is also used by apothecaries in compounding medicines; and by them the ounce is divided into eight drams, and the drain into three scruples, so that the latter is equal to twenty grains. For scientific purposes, the grain only is used, and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one-hundredth of a grain. The caret, used for weighing diamonds, is three and one-sixth grains.
     5. A short account of the French weights and measures is given under the article Measure.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study also showed that ages when the brain's energy needs increase during early childhood are also ages of declining weight gain. As the energy needed for brain development declines in older children and adolescents, the rate of weight gain increases in parallel.
Although the difference in weight gain was smaller than the researchers had hoped, they are still excited by the results.
They also added that on average, people gain a small amount of weight each year (0.4-1 kilograms), with holidays such as Christmas responsible for most of this annual weight gain. Previous studies have also shown that weight gained during festive periods is often not fully lost once the holiday is over.
Gestational weight gain below the recommended amount was associated with both spontaneous (aOR, 1.50) and indicated (aOR, 1.34) preterm birth.
The findings suggest that weight gain after quitting smoking "did not attenuate the apparent benefits of smoking cessation on reducing cardiovascular mortality or extending longevity," the authors said.
Reporting in the British Medical Journal, the results of their research show that antidepressants really are associated with an increased risk of weight gain. Surprisingly, the peak in weight gain came not at the beginning but about two to three years after antidepressants were prescribed.
Weight gain could also be barred by the level of exercise.An incorporation of an increase in food portions along with regular exercise has been proven to yield positive results as opposed to sedentary eating almost everything.
Maternal obesity and weight gain in pregnancy strongly have been linked to the development of overweight and obese children, although few studies have examined in-depth gestational weight gain with infant birth weight and childhood obesity.
This has led her fans to react in different ways toward her appetite and weight gain. Some claim it's the result of her hormone therapy, while others justified it as a normal phenomenon among teens.
Researchers pooled data from eight prospective observational studies of the association between regular 100 percent fruit juice consumption and weight gain. The analysis, published in Pediatrics, includes 34,470 boys and girls under 18.
Numerous studies have shown obesity and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with both maternal and fetal complications including gestational diabetes, hypertension, preeclampsia, fetal macrosomia, cesarean delivery, and postpartum weight retention.
VIENNA -- Antipsychotic-naive children and adolescents are at greater risk for clinically significant weight gain during their first 6 months on a second-generation antipsychotic agent than adults, Covadonga M.