Industrial Workers of the World

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Industrial Workers of the World

The Industrial Workers of the World—also known as the IWW, or the Wobblies—is a radical Labor Union that had its beginnings in Chicago in 1905.

An outgrowth of the Western Federation of Mines, the IWW was created by william d. haywood, eugene v. debs, and Daniel DeLeon. Its membership was open to all work-ers, skilled or unskilled, with no restrictions as to race, occupation, ethnic background, or sex. The Wobblies opposed the principles of capitalism and advocated Socialism.They followed the tenets of syndicalism, a labor movement that evolved in Europe before World War I.The syndicalists sought to control industry through labor organizations. In their view the state represented oppression, which had to be replaced by the union as the essential element of society. To achieve their goals, the syndicalists advocated practices such as strikes and slowdowns.

The Wobblies adopted many of the ideologies of syndicalism and employed direct-action methods, such as propaganda, strikes, and boycotts. They rejected more peaceful means of achieving labor's goals, such as Arbitration and Collective Bargaining.

From 1906 to 1928, the IWW was responsible for 150 strikes, including a miners' strike in Goldfield, Nevada, from 1906 to 1907; a textile workers' strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, in 1912; a 1913 silk workers' strike in Paterson, New Jersey; and a miners' strike in Colorado from 1927 to 1928.

During World War I, the IWW began to lose much of its strength. Its members were against the military, and many were convicted of draft evasion, seditious activities, and Espionage.In addition, many members left the organization to join the Communist party. By 1930, the IWW was no longer regarded as an influential labor force. Nevertheless, it still exists today.

Despite its radicalism, the IWW was responsible for several gains for organized labor. It brought together skilled and unskilled workers into one union; it achieved better working conditions and a shorter work week in many areas of labor, particularly in the lumber field; and it set a structural example that would be followed by future labor unions.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, its famous nickname "Wobblies" is an example, for, according to the Wobbly leader Mortimer Downing, it was coined when an enthusiastic Chinese restaurant owner on the West Coast, anxious to show his support but having trouble pronouncing the letter W, supposedly said: "You I Wobble Wobble?" (8) Thomas Hagerty, a founding member of the IWW of whom I shall say more, would call political moderates "slow-cialists." (9) Stewart H.
Essays deal with individual Wobblies. Peter Clayworth focuses on Patrick Hodgens Hickey, an itinerant New Zealander.
* Diazepam was the most popular benzo and mainly available as 10mg tablets known as blues, vallies or wobblies.
He was viewed by some as a "stooge for the Reds and the Wobblies." His infamous "I have seen the future" quote, referring to Russia as humanity's great hope, ruined his reputation in many circles.
They were Wobblies, members of the then-six-year-old, all-inclusive Industrial Workers of the World labor union, riding freight cars south in defense of free speech.
"He should show the voters enough respect to immediately resign and seek election as a Republican," he said in a statement that put Pena, among other wobblies, on notice: "I will make the same call to any other Democratic lawmaker who considers switching parties now, because switching parties immediately after being elected is a disingenuous slap in the face of the voters who put that legislator in office."
His prolific and ground-breaking research culminated in several outstanding books: Only a Miner (1972); Wobblies, Pile Butts, and Other Heroes (1993); Calf's Head & Union Tale (1996); Torching the Fink Books & Other Essays on Vernacular Culture (2001); Tin Men (2002); Millwrights in Northern California, 1901-2002 (2003); Harry Lundeberg's Stetson & Other Nautical Treasures (2006); and others that he edited or co-edited, Songs about Work (1993) and The Big Red Songbook (2007).
She co-edited the book Wobblies: A Graphic History of the Industrial Workers of the World, and her comics and illustrations are in the collection of the Library of Congress.
MJ: Some of your critics say that the images you use weren't meant to be owned or commercialized, such as images from the Wobblies, or communist propaganda.
For example, the information the author includes about the Industrial Workers of the World, or Wobblies, is particularly confusing because of contradictory statements and dates.
But the wobblies, in fact, have endured a long time.