The obligation to keep a record of working time
in no way interferes with the flexibility of the organization of work and working time
with an individual employer.
To extend their working time
two methods have been employed.
The UK made submissions to the ECJ that including travel time as working time
would increase costs.
It is important to note that the decision impacts on working time
for the purposes of the Working Time
The non-statutory guidance on GOV.uk stated that time spent travelling for work, such as travelling sales reps or 24-hour plumbers, is working time
but that normal travel to and from work is not.
As a method of working time
measurement, a photography of working day has been chosen , as one of the methods of constant observation .
The research has been determined the optimal structure of a daily working time
for a top manager, using math games theory and taking in consideration the Mintzberg model.
other factors contributing to fatigue--stress, health problems and a lack of support--were more prevalent amongst the self-employed." It continued: "A reduction in working time
could undoubtedly help reduce fatigue.
The move follows a European Court ruling two years ago declaring that "inactive, on-call" working time
- doctors on duty but sleeping in hospitals for instance - had to count as working time
3.5 This chapter argues that reform of the labour market needs to combine measures to restore incentives for firms to hire workers and for workers to stay as long as possible on the labour market, ensure that employers and employees have greater ability to negotiate working time
, and improve the efficiency of services for employment so as to reduce long term unemployment.
Using Australian industry-level data on weekly hours of work and frequency of new workers' compensation claims for work-related accidents over the 1990s, we examine the relationship between working time
and work-related injuries is examined.
AND WORKER PREFERENCES IN INDUSTRIALISED COUNTRIES: FINDING THE BALANCE J.C.