(3) Perform another XOR
operation with [P.sub.i']' and the previous encrypted pixel [P.sub.i-1] if i>0, the result [mathematical expression not reproducible] is the target pixel.
Kotb, "Analysis of all-optical logic XOR
gate for 100 Gb/s phase-shift keying modulated data signals in semiconductor optical amplifier-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Optical and Quantum Electronics, vol.
The full adder structure is comprised of one three-input XOR
gate and one three-input majority voter.
The reconstructed secret QR code image S' in Figures 4 and 5 are recovered by performing XOR
operation on the codewords region of QR code image in the second significant bit planes of shares, then adding the functional patterns, version and format information together.
[P.sub.2] = mod (xor
([C.sub.2] - xor
([C.sub.1],xor (i,n)), [K.sub.1]), 2 56) (10)
Where operations are defined by the AND and XOR
logic operations, given that the operands are binary elements, corresponding to the coefficients of the polynomials A(x) and p(x).
Design 1 uses XOR
output as an intermediate result.
The proposed algorithm mainly includes five steps, and their time complexity is O(nencoding cover image), O(nfinding the max bases), 0(1determining the length of watermarking), 0(1) (implementing XOR
operation), and 0(1replacing the max bases).
The present study revealed significant aleration in XOR
system of irradiated rats.
* Lamed is a computation intense algorithm with 8 addition, 6 XOR
and 10 rotation operations, requiring a 32-bit parallel architecture to finish computations, within required time.
up-regulated by either inflammatory mediators or hypoxia and, in the presence of molecular oxygen, reduces the oxygen to reactive oxygen species (ROS) .
For every bit we shift and based on a selected bit value we either xor
with a magic number or not.