At 3 months follow-up, we found significant differences on NWS and craving assessment between abstainers
lower problem-importance ratings, more critical of the scientific merit of the risk information, and skeptical of the empirical claims) than did abstainers
One might expect therefore that in countries with a high percentage of abstainers
criticisms are more likely directed at drinkers that do not report typical symptoms of heavy or prolonged alcohol (i.
When drinking style is measured by the number of drinks consumed on a typical drinking occasion, banning alcohol on a campus located in a neighborhood with a low density of off-campus bars is associated with a 44 percent reduction in the odds that an individual will cross the threshold between abstainer
and moderate drinker, and a 31 percent reduction in the odds of crossing the threshold between moderate and heavy drinking.
Males are more likely than females to appear in these clusters rather than in the abstainer
cluster (Table 6).
Interestingly, they found that abstainers
were also overusers of acute care but underusers of preventative services.
tends to be more of a conformist, with worries and concerns about life in general and specifically about fitting in with others.
Studies of alcohol use among Blacks consistently have found that Blacks are more likely to be abstainers
than Whites, with 29% of Black women and 16% of Black men consuming no drinks at all during a week or month (Caetano & Herd, 1984; Herd, 1987, 1990; Herd, & Grube, 1996).
(n = 200) were defined as students who reported no use of marijuana or alcohol through the 10th grade.
Regarding the sociological theories, six classifications all indicate some differences between the two types of abstainer
, though few of them are very large (Table 2) and the inter-regional differences are statistically insignificant in all contrasts.
However, while this profile represents the characteristic abstainer
, these individuals do not comprise a homogeneous group with uniform attitudes toward alcohol and alcohol use.
But in instances where the male present is an abstainer
, it would lead to a higher percentage of such offers emanating from females, as seen in this data.