abstain

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abstain

verb avoid, be loath, be neutral, by-pass, cease, decline, defer, desist, discontinue, dispense with, do without, eschew, forebear, forgo, hold back, keep away, keep off, let alone, not use, not vote, refrain voluntarily from, refuse, restrain oneself, shirk, shun, spare, stand aside, take no sides, turn aside from, waive, withhold
See also: abandon, decline, defer, desist, discontinue, eschew, forbear, refrain, refuse, reject, relinquish, rest, shirk, shun, withhold
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead, quitting drinking may be associated with a more favourable change in mental well-being, approaching the level of lifetime abstainers," Dr Ni said.
"On tests of political knowledge, the abstainers scored a few points lower than they did before deactivating their accounts."The political-knowledge findings suggest that Facebook is an important source of news that people pay attention to," said David Lazer, a professor of political science and computer and information science at Northeastern University.
Overall, coffee drinkers were about 10 percent to 15 percent less likely to die than abstainers during a decade of follow-up.
'In general, the greater the economic wealth of a country, the more alcohol is consumed and the smaller the number of abstainers. High-income countries have the highest alcohol per capita consumption (APC) and the highest prevalence of heavy episodic drinking among drinkers.
It is assumed that potential electors can acquire abstainer behavior (and become the boycotts of the elections) via effective contacts with abstainers of the elections at a rate [beta].
So drinking 21 units a week for men means they are three times more likely to have hippocampal atrophy than abstainers. Very light drinking (1-6 units a week) confers no protection.
Only two significant associations emerged: The highest-risk subgroup of drinkers were at 1.83-fold increased risk of extremely poor VACS trajectory, and the abstainers were at 1.9-fold increased risk for both the most favorable VACS trajectory and an extremely-high-mortality VACS trajectory, reflecting the split in prognosis between the healthy abstainer and sick quitter subgroups.
Among abstainers, there were 333 for men and 717 for women.
Regarding variables assessed pre-treatment (ND, NWS and craving) significant differences were found at the end of the treatment for only ND; abstainers had lower ND than participants who continued smoking (M = 4.84, SD = 2.09 for abstainers, and M = 5.88, SD = 1.97, for smokers; t = -4.30, p < .001).
Therefore, in this cross-sectional study we compared plaque burden, coronary calcium score, carotid IMT, endothelial function, several indicators of lifestyle, and metabolic parameters in long-term RW drinkers and abstainers. In contrast to many previous studies in which several kinds of beverage were considered as sources of alcohol (14), we focused on people who are preferentially wine drinkers.
If people do not vote on any issue, be it In or Out for Scotland, or Stockton or North Yorkshire for Yarm, they can only be counted as abstainers; the votes that matter are the ones actually cast.
There have been repeated statements by government officials in the past few days on fining abstainers. The Presidential Elections Law stipulates that they can be fined up to EGP 500, approximately $70.