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The vast majority of opioid abusers smoke cigarettes, and smoking has been shown to be "a very important contributor to neonatal abstinence syndrome," she said.
The study, titled "Increasing Incidence of the Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome in U.
Neonatal abstinence syndrome after in utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in term infants.
By 2009, the estimated number of newborns with the syndrome was 13,539 -- or about one baby born each hour, according to the study that U-M researchers believe is the first to assess national trends in neonatal abstinence syndrome and mothers using opiate drugs.
This presentation provides an overview of an evidence-based practice protocol for the treatment of neonates with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).
Another 23 infants under one had neonatal abstinence syndrome, a consequence of their mothers' drug abuse.
The risk of neonatal abstinence syndrome, which most commonly is delayed until the second or third day of life, is high in women using heroin or methadone (70 to 80%) and less but still a common problem in those on buprenorphine (53).
Those infants thought to be prenatally exposed to drugs were often separated from their mothers and sent to Sunny Hill Hospital for Children in Vancouver--which developed a neonatal abstinence syndrome program in 1983--or to smaller centres throughout the province.
In another recent study, researchers compared the prevalence and clinical characteristics of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in newborns exposed to SSRIs in utero.
Jan Dobson and Georgina Ennor run the neonatal abstinence syndrome community programme from the neonatal outreach services at Christchurch Women's Hospital.
Another common feature of babies whose mothers have been misusing drugs is narcotics abstinence syndrome (Nas) or drugs withdrawal.
In other studies, SSRI use during pregnancy was associated with compromised neonatal adaptation with symptoms of jitteriness, tachypnea, and tremulousness, the so-called "neonatal abstinence syndrome.