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Anzu OB II 82//III 2: ik-su-us ki-ma UD-mi-im me-lem-ma-su sa-di-i [u]s-ta-al-wi, "He gnashed his teeth like a demon of storms, enshrouded the mountains with his aura." melammasu is not the subject of ustalwi (e.g., Vogelzang 1988: 104: "his melammu wreathed the mountains"; Foster 2005: 560: "his terrifying radiance enveloped the moun[tain]"), but one of two accusative objects.
It seems therefore legitimate to compare the structure of the phrase grhan evainan ajigamisati (AB 3.24.13) with its double accusative to enam gramam ajigamisanto of the AsvGS, suggesting the interpretation that the people assume that the fires would like to make the Ahitagni (enam) return to the village (gramam).
dogdhi 'milks' = 'makes give milk' ~ duhe' 'gives [milk]', and "the accusative argument (milk, soma, etc.) in usage b is not a true direct object accusative, but an accusative of scope/parameter." Kulikov again observes that "[c]onstructions with the acc.
In addition, the proposed scenario works not only sociolinguistically, by relying on the common processes of bilingual transfer and functional reanalysis, but also phonetically and semantically; in fact, derivation of a marker of oblique pronouns from the accusative pronouns of one or more substrate languages is able to explain the current semantics of the augmented forms somewhat better than the alternative proposals.
I.e., the nominative is more natural than the accusative.--In many languages with the distinction between the nominative and the accusative, the nominative is much more often zero coded than the accusative.
Terescenko's Enets examples: with a nominative object (9) and with an accusative object (10), in which actual focus is on the stockyard and seeing, respectively ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] 1973 : 179).
Hettrich 2007: 9-10 on the uses of the accusative in the Rgveda, which differs little from Old Avestan in this respect.
As in the case of past tense is defective (Chomsky 2001) lacking [u] features hence unable to assign accusative Case to the relevant nominal therefore Voice6 [u] merges with the P.
(20) The standard assumption has usually been that et is an accusative case assigner (sometimes classified as an accusative preposition, as in Falk 1991) or the realization of accusative case (see for example Shlonsky 1997: 17-20), with the restriction to definite noun phrases stipulated as a lexical selectional restriction.
Agreement between T and ao conjoined subjects results in assigning nominative Case while agreement between Voice and ao conjoined subjects results in assigning accusative Case as in the past tense Pashto constructions we consider to be defective in the Chomskian sense (2001).
Following the minimalist idea of agreement we propose for Pashto unergative constructions that nominative Case to subject nominals is assigned as a result of - features agreement between the functional head T and the subject nominals while accusative Case is assigned as a result of -features agreement with the functional head Voice; as in the past tense Pashto constructions is defective in the Chomskian (2001) sense.
(For Callaway the participle is used as the Absolute Accusative 1918: 34).