acquittal


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Acquittal

The legal and formal certification of the innocence of a person who has been charged with a crime.

Acquittals in fact take place when a jury finds a verdict of not guilty. Acquittals in law take place by operation of law such as when a person has been charged as an Accessory to the crime of Robbery and the principal has been acquitted.

acquittal

n. what an accused criminal defendant receives if he/she is found not guilty. It is a verdict (a judgment in a criminal case) of not guilty. (See: acquit)

acquittal

noun absolutio, absolution, acquitment, acquittance, amnesty, clearance, compurgation, discharge, dismissal, exculpation, exoneration, favorable verdict, letting off, liberatio, liberation, pardon, purgation, quittance, release, remission, reprieve, restoration, verdict of not guilty, vindication
Associated concepts: acquittal by a jury
Foreign phrases: Paribus sententiis reus absolvitur.When the opinions are equal, where the court is equally divided, the defendant is acquitted.
See also: absolution, compurgation, condonation, discharge, emancipation, exoneration, immunity, impunity, liberation, pardon, payment, release, remission, remittance, reprieve, respite, satisfaction, waiver

acquittal

a decision of a court that a defendant prosecuted for a criminal offence is not guilty. It also describes the Scottish verdict of NOT PROVEN.

ACQUITTAL, contracts. A release or discharge from an obligation or engagement. According to Lord Coke there are three kinds of acquittal, namely; 1. By deed, when the party releases the obligation; 2. By prescription; 3. By tenure. Co. Lit. 100, a.

ACQUITTAL, crim. law practice. The absolution of a party charged with a crime or misdemeanor.
    2. Technically speaking, acquittal is - the absolution of a party accused on a trial before a traverse jury. 1 N. & M. 36; 3 McCord, 461.
    3. Acquittals are of two kinds, in fact and in law. The former takes place when the jury upon trial finds a verdict of not guilty; the latter when a man is charged merely as an accessary, and the principal has been acquitted. 2 Inst. 384. An acquittal is a bar to any future prosecution for the offence alleged in the first indictment.

References in periodicals archive ?
It was the social context of his act that made his rage and his violence permissible, resulting in his acquittal.
Part II documents how acquittal rates moved down whenever guilty plea rates went up.
The FIA had filed the application in the high court against the acquittal of Mr Shaikh in 2016 in the money laundering case, arguing that he was exonerated from the charges by the trial court despite strong evidence that proved his involvement in money laundering.
27, after which the Trial Chamber will give its decision on the acquittals of Oneissi and Ayyash.
Before the Delhi High Court acquittal, a fast-track trial court had found Farooqui guilty and sentenced him to seven years in prison.
The senator also pointed out the SC ruling that allowed the remains of late dictator Ferdinand Marcos to be buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani, the CA acquittal of Janet Lim-Napoles of serious illegal detention charges, the Court of Tax Appeals' dismissal of tax raps against Jeane Napoles, and the Sandiganbayan's order to release former Senator Jinggoy Estrada on bail.
They say support for his Radical Party has firmed since his acquittal.
After the prosecutor of the case, Ali Ertan, demanded the acquittal of all suspects over the charges of being members of a "terrorist organization" and argued that the digital evidence against the suspects were forged during the hearing on Feb.
BOLLYWOOD actor Salman Khan, who become a punching bag, especially on social media, for the circumstances under which he walked free in the 2002-hit-and-run case got a boost from the Supreme Court (SC) which termed the gossip that he had used money power to secure the acquittal as 'wild allegation'.
21 -- The Karnataka Government has filed an appeal before the Supreme Court of India against the acquittal of Jayalalithaa by the Karnataka High Court.
RAWALPINDI -- A special customs court in Rawalpindi is set to announce on Friday (today) its verdict on model Ayyan Ali's acquittal plea in the money laundering case almost six months after her initial arrest from the airport with an undeclared half-a-million dollars in cash.
Manila, Philippines - The Court of Appeals (CA) has affirmed the acquittal of two of the so-called "Alabang Boys" whose drug trafficking charges were dismissed by the Muntinlupa regional trial court (RTC) in 2011.