ASD = Acute Stress Disorder
; DIS = Diagnostic Interview Schedule; PCL-C = Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian; PTSD = Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (a) "Substantial stress" is defined when respondents endorse a degree of severity of 4 ("quite a bit") or 5 ("extremely") to any of five selected items from the PCL-C (see text).
Our pilot study sought to validate research that found high rates of acute stress disorder
and posttraumatic stress disorder in this population, (5,6) examine potential risk-factors for acute stress disorder
, examine women's perception of support after their spontaneous abortion, and determine whether acute stress disorder
is predictive of posttraumatic stress disorder.
Posttraumatic stress disorder is similar to acute stress disorder
but lasts beyond 4 weeks.
She reported the above symptoms, and I explained that she had developed acute stress disorder
. I suggested a trial of clonidine 0.1 mg twice a day for a least three weeks.
At the initial interview, 28% of the 82 patients met the full diagnostic criteria for cancer-related acute stress disorder
. By the 6-month follow-up, 22% of the 63 remaining patients met the criteria for cancer-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to the investigators.
More recently, with the advent of acute stress disorder
as a diagnosis, dissociative symptoms have been recognized as important characteristics of this disorder.
Acute stress disorder
may not accurately predict posttraumatic stress disorder in children, said Nancy Kassam-Adams, Ph.D., and Dr.
One supporting study showed that patients with acute stress disorder
had significantly higher levels of hypnotizability than those with subclinical acute stress disorder
In fact, DSM-IV defines acute stress disorder
, which is different from PTSD, as including three of five dissociative symptoms that occur within the first month of trauma.
BALTIMORE -- Patients with newly diagnosed cancer are at significant risk for acute stress disorder
and later posttraumatic stress disorder, Maria Kangas, Ph.D., said at the annual meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.
BALTIMORE - The ideal early treatment for acute stress disorder
in recent trauma survivors may prove to be a "hot" cognitive therapy that combines the best of cognitive therapy with the best of prolonged exposure therapy.
Thirty percent reported at least three of the five dissociative symptoms required for meeting criteria for acute stress disorder
(ASD), and more than 80% had an additional ASD symptom, although only 6% met the full criteria for ASD, he commented.