adjustment

(redirected from adjustment disorder)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

adjustment

1 the computation of the amount due to an insured and the fixing of the proportion to be borne by the underwriters.
2 in Scottish civil procedure, the changing of the writ or defences before the record is closed.

See also ADJUSTMENT OF PRIOR TRANSACTIONS.

Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

ADJUSTMENT, maritime law. The adjustment of a loss is the settling and ascertaining the amount of the indemnity which the insured after all proper allowances and deductions have been made, is entitled to receive, and the proportion of this, which each underwriter is liable to pay, under the policy Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 14, p. 617 or it is a written admission of the amounts of the loss as settled between the parties to a policy of insurance. 3 Stark. Ev. 1167, 8.
     2. In adjusting a loss, the first thing to be considered is, how the quantity of damages for which the underwriters are liable, shall be ascertained. When a loss is a total loss, and the insured decides to abandon, he must give notice of this to the underwriters iii a reasonable time, otherwise he will waive his right to abandon, and must be content to claim only for a partial loss. Marsh. Ins. B.1, c.3, s.2; 15 East, 559; 1 T. R. 608; 9 East, 283; 13 East 304; 6 Taunt. 383. When the loss is admitted to be total, and the policy is a valued one, the insured is entitled to receive the whole sum insured, subject to such deductions as may have been agreed by the policy to be made in case of loss.
     3. The quantity of damages being known, the next point to be settled, is, by what rule this shall be estimated. The price of a thing does not afford a just criterion to ascertain its true value. It may have been bought very dear or very cheap. The circumstances of time and place cause a continual variation in the price of things. For this reason, in cases of general average, the things saved contribute not according to prune cost, but according to the price for which they may be sold at the time of settling the average. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 14, s. 2, p. 621; Laws of Wisbury, art. 20 Laws of Oleron, art. 8 this Dict. tit. Price. And see 4 Dall. 430; 1 Caines' R. 80; 2 S. & R. 229 2 S.& R. 257, 258.
     4. An adjustment being endorsed on the policy, and signed by the underwriters, with the promise to pay in a given time, is prima facie evidence against them, and amounts to an admission of all the facts necessary to be proved by the insured to entitle him to recover in an action on the policy. It is like a note of hand, and being proved, the insured has no occasion to go into proof of any other circumstances. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 14, s. 3, p. 632; 3 Stark. Ev. 1167, 8 Park. ch. 4; Wesk. Ins, 8; Beaw. Lex. Mer. 310; Com. Dig. Merchant, E 9; Abbott on Shipp. 346 to 348. See Damages.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common symptom category of adjustment disorder reported by our students was institutional adjustment 19.2%.
Alexithmia and low cooperativeness are associated with suicide attempts in male military personnel with adjustment disorder: a case-control study.
Selection of psychotherapeutic treatment for adjustment disorder with depressive mood due to acute myocardial infarction.
[12] found that majority of subjects had a psychiatric diagnosis (91%), adjustment disorder (40%) was the commonest followed by depression (28%), which was the next most common diagnosis, then alcohol dependence (10%).
The overall results of the study indicated that incidence of depression, anxiety disorder; adjustment disorder was high among patients with chronic pain.
The study, conducted in the Netherlands, followed 168 employees, of whom 60 percent were women, on sick leave due to psychological problems such as anxiety, adjustment disorder, and minor depression.
Adjustment disorder diagnoses were ascribed to 352 (22.2%) participants and childhood disorders to 182 (11.5%) who had been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity, conduct, or oppositional defiant disorder).
But the implications of the negligent surgery has resulted in serious consequences - both physical and psychological - and resulted in a prolonged adjustment disorder with features of anxiety and depression.
James Burke, defending, said hBlundell became anxious and depressed and has been diagnosed with an adjustment disorder.
A psychiatric report showed Pease had suffered at the time from an adjustment disorder and an unstable personality.
Mr Dewani was diagnosed by a psychiatrist with an acute stress disorder and a depressive adjustment disorder, Westminster Magistrates' Court, in London, heard yesterday.