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Bacteria gain entry via a defect in the mucosa of the upper aerodigestive tract, and infection typically spreads without regard for tissue planes.
Epidemiological studies have suggested that reduced folate levels in the body increase the risk of several types of cancer, including those of the upper aerodigestive tract, colon/rectum, and breast (Kim 2005).
Spindle-cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract mucosa.
In the only literature on HIV infection and tonsil disease, 45 patients with upper aerodigestive tract tuberculosis in Thailand were reviewed; (25) 26 had HIV tests and, of these, 5% were HIV-positive.
These movement patterns are very closely integrated with breathing and movement of food through the aerodigestive tract.
The study excluded anyone who had used PPIs within 30 days, or who had a history of aerodigestive tract cancer, radiation therapy, surgery, or active upper gastrointestinal disease.
As a leader in cancer patient care and research, Emory University's Winship Cancer Institute serves as the coordinating center for a vast array of resources in medical, surgical, and radiation oncology, diagnostic imaging, and the subspecialties of cancer care throughout Emory University -- from blood and bone marrow stem cell transplants to internationally recognized aerodigestive tract cancer treatment, research, and care.
KEY WORDS: Alcohol and other drug (AOD) consumption; heavy drinking; chronic AOD use; ethanol metabolism; carcinogenesis; cancer; upper respiratory system cancer; oropharyngeal cancer; laryngeal cancer; aerodigestive tract cancer; esophageal cancer; liver cancer; colon cancer; colorectal cancer; breast cancer; acetaldehyde; alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH); aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH); genetic factors; cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1); reactive oxygen species
Coverage includes an overview of the general mechanisms leading to cancer; a series of chapters addressing the correlations between alcohol and carcinogenicity, focusing on specific organs such as the upper aerodigestive tract, liver, colon, pancreas and breast; and several chapters on the role of tobacco in lung and digestive tract cancers and their prevention, and the role of phytochemicals.
Further studies are needed to more precisely define the possible role of CT for the evaluation of the aerodigestive tract injuries.
This uncommon, positive observation supports the impression that combined therapy is efficacious in some patients with advanced stage carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract.