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To ratify, establish, or reassert. To make a solemn and formal declaration, as a substitute for an oath, that the statements contained in an Affidavit are true or that a witness will tell the truth. In the practice of appellate courts, to declare a judgment, decree, or order valid and to concur in its correctness so that it must stand as rendered in the lower court. As a matter of Pleading, to allege or aver a matter of fact.
A judgment, decree, or order that is not affirmed is either remanded (sent back to the lower court with instructions to correct the irregularities noted in the appellate opinion) or reversed (changed by the appellate court so that the decision of the lower court is overturned).
v. what an appeals court does if it agrees with and confirms a lower court's decision.
affirm(Claim), verb assert, asseverate, aver, declare to be fact, enunciate, establish, express, make a positive statement, make an assertion, proclaim, profess, state, state positively, state with conviction
affirm(Declare solemnly), verb asseverate, attest, aver, avouch, avow, depone, depose, give oral evidence, give sworn evidence, give verbal evidence, make a solemn declaration, make an asseveration, make an attestation, make an averment, pronounce, take one's oath, testify, vouch
Associated concepts: affirm a contract
Foreign phrases: Affirmanti, non neganti incumbit probaaio.The proof is borne by the person who af firms, rather than the person who denies. Affirmantis est probare. He who is af firming must prove. Ei incumbit probatio, qui dicit, non qui negat; cum per rerum naturam factum neeantis probatio nulla sit. The burden of proof lies upon him who asserts it, not upon him who denies; since, by the nature of things, he who denies a fact cannot produce any proof of it.
affirm(Uphold), verb adfirmare, approve, certify, confirm, confirmare, endorse, establish, make firm, ratify, substantiate, support, sustain, validate, verify, vouch for, warrant
Associated concepts: affirm a judicial decision, affirm on appeal, affirmed in part, affirmed in whole
See also: accept, accredit, acknowledge, adduce, admit, agree, allege, annunciate, approve, argue, assent, assert, assure, attest, authorize, avouch, avow, bear, certify, claim, communicate, concede, concur, confirm, consent, contend, convey, corroborate, countenance, declare, depose, enunciate, express, indorse, maintain, mention, notarize, pass, plead, posit, profess, promise, reassure, remark, reveal, substantiate, support, sustain, swear, testify, uphold, validate, verify, vouch, vow, witness
affirmto make an AFFIRMATION.
TO AFFIRM, practice. 1. To ratify or confirm a former law or judgment, as
when the supreme court affirms the judgment of the court of common pleas.
2. To make an affirmation, or to testify under an affirmation.