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A solemn and formal declaration of the truth of a statement, such as an Affidavit or the actual or prospective testimony of a witness or a party that takes the place of an oath. An affirmation is also used when a person cannot take an oath because of religious convictions.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a solemn declaration for those who do not want to take an oath. The penalties for false declarations are usually similar to those for perjury.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

AFFIRMATION, practice. A solemn declaration and asseveration, which a witness makes before an officer, competent to administer an oath in a like case, to tell the truth, as if be had been sworn.
     2. In the United States, generally, all witnesses who declare themselves conscientiously scrupulous against taking a corporal oath, are permitted to make a solemn affirmation, and this in all cases, as well criminal as civil.
     3. In England, laws have been enacted which partially relieve persons who, have conscientious scruples against taking an oath, and authorize them to make affirmation. In France, the laws which allow freedom of religious opinion, have received the liberal construction that all persons are to be sworn or affirmed according to the dictates of their consciences; and a quaker's affirmation has been received and held of the same effect as an oath. Merl. Quest. de Droit, mot Serment, Sec. 1.
     4. The form is to this effect: "You, A B, do solemnly, sincerely, and truly declare and affirm," &c. For the violation of the truth in such case, the witness is subject to the punishment of perjury as if he had been sworn.
     5. Affirmation also means confirming; as, an affirmative statute.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Affirmations are auto-suggestions, a guiding force for our subconscious mind.
Affirmation of one object, according to Wallace, has a way of spreading to others.
The agency said "the affirmation of GIB's A3 foreign-currency deposit and senior debt ratings reflect Moody's view of a very high probability of support from the bank's major shareholder, Saudi Arabia's Public Investment Fund".
Alyahya added: "The affirmation of the Viability Rating also reflects Fitch's assessment of GIB on a standalone basis without shareholder support and reflects GIB's experience, fundamental financial strength and risk profile".
The Speaker will now remind Members that their first duty is to take the Oath or make the Affirmation required by law.
He told the court that the woman's refusal to swear on a Bible or make a non-religious affirmation served as a sort of witness intimidation, since it could be construed to imply that his testimony would be less than truthful as he swore on a non-Islamic book.
Fill the empty pages of the Affirmation journal with your intentions, hopes and dreams.
Industrial production growth of 9.1 percent in September this year, according to Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Zoran Stavreski, is exceptionally good performance and one more affirmation that Macedonian economy recovers well and that it may achieve the planned economic growth rate of at least 3.5 percent.
A specially written Commonwealth Affirmation will be read out before the raising of the Commonwealth flag at 10am on Monday March 10 at Leamington Town Hall, led by the chairman Coun Richard Davies.
The first two chapters lay out the book's key concepts: attachment, unconditional affirmation, and all-in regret.
Summary: Affirmation follows the rating action on parent bank