A comparison between the skeleton of -ia and the skeleton of the diminutive suffix -eli in (19) reveals that there is a major difference between the two affixes; the former can be assigned a category, whereas the latter has no categorial features.
Once more, we observe that we cannot account for -dzis and evaluative affixes on a par since this affix has specific categorial features and an argument position.
To summarise the material on the meanings of deverbal affixes which denote locations, we can say that while some languages certainly do seem to have affixes whose function is to mark location (Abkhaz, Arabic, Chukchee, Evenki, Finnish, Urarina are described this way in my data).
Lieber concludes that even if there is no regular patient-forming affix, nonetheless we have a need to name patients, and when the need is there, any word is better than no word at all, so that affixes with other functions are exploited to fulfil the required function.
(i) how do category preserving affixes
There is a general agreement that competing forms have to share the same base ("based on the same stem" in van Marle 1984: 178; "correlated to the same lexical base" in Fradin 2016) and be derived with different affixes
(Plag 2000: 2; Fradin 2016).
This would depend on the representation and consequent activation that affixes
might have and generate.
2.4.35 states that thereby the replacements are made under the intention to use an [a.bar]rdhadh[a.bar]tuka-affix; once the replacements have been made, the affixes
occur as provided afterwards (visayasaptami ceyarh, na parasaptami.
One outstanding feature of the affixes
in Table 2 is that they are all derivational (cf.
First, the notion of "global productivity" is introduced by plotting a number of English affixes
in a two-dimensional space whose coordinates are precisely P--the productivity as defined in (1)--and V-the number of different types (see Baayen and Lieber 1991: 819, Figure 3).
These are the basic categories of the simplex lexicon, and we use derivational affixes
to extend these categories.
galant galant-isch (Jones 1976: 91, 355) In a similar fashion, some languages use verbalizing affixes
to introduce borrowed verbs into their lexicons.