alibi

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alibi

n. an excuse used by a person accused or suspected of crime. In the original Latin it means "in another place" which has to be the ultimate alibi.

alibi

‘elsewhere’, the defence in a criminal trial in the UK (and, indeed, the USA) that the accused was somewhere else at the time the alleged crime was committed. In both England and Scotland, the defence must give the prosecution notice of such a defence.

ALIBI, in evidence. This is a Latin word which signifies, elsewhere.
     2. When a person, charged with a crime, proves (se eadem die fuisse alibi,) that he was, at the time alleged, in a different place from that in which it was committed, he is said to prove an alibi, the effect of which is to lay a foundation for the necessary inference, that he could not have committed it. See Bract. fo. 140, lib. 3, cap. 20, De Corona.
     3. This proof is usually made out by the testimony of witnesses, but it is presumed it might be made out by writings; as if the party could prove by a record properly authenticated, that on the day or at the time in question, he was in another place.
     4. It must be admitted that mere alibi evidence lies under a great and general prejudice, and ought to be heard with uncommon caution; but if it appear, to be founded in truth, it is the best negative evidence that can be offered; it is really positive evidence, which in the nature of things necessarily implies a negative; and in many cases it is the only evidence which an innocent man can offer.

References in periodicals archive ?
In their brief, the lawyers urged the high court to affirm the intermediate Court of Special Appeals' conclusion that Syed's now-deceased trial attorney's failure to investigate a potential alibi witness violated Syed's constitutional right to effective assistance of counsel.
Implicit personality theory (Ashmore, Griffo, & Green, 2007; Schneider, 1973) could support either positive or negative views of suspects with salacious alibis. An evaluator who attributes the alibi admission to honesty would likely have several positive views of the suspect (e.g., honest in the face of pressure to be dishonest).
After the collection of the alibis was complete, the interviews were transcribed and analyzed by the first and second author for eight narrative variables: negative qualifiers (e.g., "I'm not sure"), positive qualifiers (e.g., "He was definitely wearing a t-shirt"), verbal hedges (e.g., "Um," "Uh"), logical connections (e.g., "but," "because"), temporal connections (e.g., "and," "then"), elaborations (e.g., "it was unusual 'cause we were talking about Italy"), spatial order (e.g., "next to"), and uses of personal pronouns (e.g., "I," "me").
"They were looking for a man to be the record producer," says Lynne, who produced "Tears, Lies, and Alibis" herself, "and looking for songs that they understand, and my singing about Airstreams (mobile campers, in Something to Be Said ) is not one of them.
On the other hand, Alibis and Payback have said that they take care to avoid false accusations, to a point.
He said: "We have provided World Cup alibis for 30 Irish men - but we have helped more than 300 Irish people since the company started.
The texts, on the other hand, perform a kind of alibi function, persuading us of the power of Eisenman's intellect, the range of his cultural references and the number of intellectual friends he can muster to his cause.
She tries to put the past behind her and find a job instead, only to end up working for a firm that provides perfect alibis ...
The Yamagata Family Court said alibis of three of the seven were believable and found them, all aged 14, not guilty in August 1993.
Timothy Raggatt QC, prosecuting, had earlier told the jury how if they compared this evidence with the dates and times of the robberies, they would see Aston had been lying and did not have alibis.
Esto es una herejia que solo llevara a la degeneracion de la ya putrefacta sociedad", dice una de las principales voces contra "los Alibis", el reverendo Michael Manley, vicario de la Iglesia de San Juan en Blackpool.
But he knows as I have said before that there are no alibis now."