alibi

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alibi

n. an excuse used by a person accused or suspected of crime. In the original Latin it means "in another place" which has to be the ultimate alibi.

alibi

noun corroborative excuse, declaration, defense, defensive evidence, defensive plea, exculpatory excuse, explanation, justifiable excuse, justification, justificaaory excuse, plausible excuse, plea in being elsewhere, proof of absence, verifiable excuse, verificative excuse
Associated concepts: affirmative defense, notice of intention to introduce alibi defense, traverse of indictment
See also: compurgation, excuse, pretext

alibi

‘elsewhere’, the defence in a criminal trial in the UK (and, indeed, the USA) that the accused was somewhere else at the time the alleged crime was committed. In both England and Scotland, the defence must give the prosecution notice of such a defence.

ALIBI, in evidence. This is a Latin word which signifies, elsewhere.
     2. When a person, charged with a crime, proves (se eadem die fuisse alibi,) that he was, at the time alleged, in a different place from that in which it was committed, he is said to prove an alibi, the effect of which is to lay a foundation for the necessary inference, that he could not have committed it. See Bract. fo. 140, lib. 3, cap. 20, De Corona.
     3. This proof is usually made out by the testimony of witnesses, but it is presumed it might be made out by writings; as if the party could prove by a record properly authenticated, that on the day or at the time in question, he was in another place.
     4. It must be admitted that mere alibi evidence lies under a great and general prejudice, and ought to be heard with uncommon caution; but if it appear, to be founded in truth, it is the best negative evidence that can be offered; it is really positive evidence, which in the nature of things necessarily implies a negative; and in many cases it is the only evidence which an innocent man can offer.

References in periodicals archive ?
Implicit personality theory (Ashmore, Griffo, & Green, 2007; Schneider, 1973) could support either positive or negative views of suspects with salacious alibis.
The current study examined generated alibis in which individuals displayed a large variety of speech patterns.
In a similar fashion, Weir argues, Tolstoy avails himself of the alibi of narrative to enable him to manipulate authorial identity and assert authorial control of final interpretation of meaning in his works.
On the other hand, Alibis and Payback have said that they take care to avoid false accusations, to a point.
He said: "We have provided World Cup alibis for 30 Irish men - but we have helped more than 300 Irish people since the company started.
She tries to put the past behind her and find a job instead, only to end up working for a firm that provides perfect alibis .
The Yamagata Family Court said alibis of three of the seven were believable and found them, all aged 14, not guilty in August 1993.
Timothy Raggatt QC, prosecuting, had earlier told the jury how if they compared this evidence with the dates and times of the robberies, they would see Aston had been lying and did not have alibis.
En la localidad de Blackpool, zona turistica al norte del Reino Unido que recibe anualmente mas visitantes que Grecia, fue lanzada la Agencia Alibi, creada para encubrir relaciones extramatrimoniales e infidelidades.
But he knows as I have said before that there are no alibis now.
However Leps does not suggest any of these strategies; indeed given her basic assumption that non-fiction discourse on crime and criminals was based on alibis, Leps is oddly reticent about the truth behind these alibis.
A panel of judges named her pop-rock outfit Allies for Alibis the winners after they wowed the crowds with their version of Kings of Leon's hit Sex on Fire.