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1) n. a person who is not a citizen of the country. 2) in the United States any person born in another country to parents who are not American and who has not become a naturalized citizen. There are resident aliens officially permitted to live in the country and illegal aliens who have sneaked into the country or stayed beyond the time allowed on a visa. 3) v. to convey title to property.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a person who is not a British citizen, a Commonwealth citizen, a BRITISH PROTECTED person or a citizen of the Republic of Ireland.

At common law, a distinction is drawn between friendly aliens and enemy aliens, with the latter comprising not only citizens of hostile states but also all others voluntarily living in enemy territory or carrying on business there; enemy aliens are subject to additional disabilities.

Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

ALIEN, persons. One born out of the jurisdiction of the United States, who has not since been naturalized under their constitution and laws. To this there are some exceptions, as this children of the ministers of the United States in foreign courts. See Citizen, Inhabitant.
     2. Aliens are subject to disabilities, have rights, and are bound to perform duties, which will be briefly considered. 1. Disabilities. An alien cannot in general acquire title to real estate by the descent, or by other mere operation of law; and if he purchase land, he may be divested of the fee, upon an inquest of office found. To this general rule there are statutory exceptions in some of the states; in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Louisiana, New Jersey, Rev. Laws, 604, and Michigan, Rev. St. 266, s. 26, the disability has been removed; in North Carolina, (but see Mart. R. 48; 3 Dev. R. 138; 2 Hayw. 104, 108; 3 Murph. 194; 4 Dev. 247; Vermont and Virginia, by constitutional provision; and in Alabama, 3 Stew R. 60; Connecticut, act of 1824, Stat. tit. Foreigners, 251; Indiana, Rev. Code, a. 3, act of January 25, 1842; Illinois, Kentucky, 1 Litt. 399; 6 Mont. 266 Maine, Rev. St,. tit. 7, c. 93, s. 5 Maryland, act of 1825, ch. 66; 2 Wheat. 259; and Missouri, Rev. Code, 1825, p. 66, by statutory provision it is partly so.
     3. An alien, even after being naturalized, is ineligible to the office of president of the United States; and in some states, as in New York, to that of governor; he cannot be a member of congress, till the expiration of seven years after his naturalization. An alien can exercise no political rights whatever; he cannot therefore vote at any political election, fill any office, or serve as a juror. 6 John. R. 332.
     4.-2. An alien has a right to acquire personal estate, make and enforce contracts in relation to the same - he is protected from injuries, and wrongs, to his person and property, his relative rights and character; he may sue and be sued.
     5.-3. He owes a temporary local allegiance, and his property is liable to taxation. Aliens are either alien friends or alien enemies. It is only alien friends who have the rights above enumerated; alien enemies are incapable, during the existence of war to sue, and may be ordered out of the country. See generally, 2 Kent. Com. 43 to 63; 1 Vin. Ab. 157; 13 Vin. ab. 414; Bac. Ab. h.t.; 1 Saund. 8, n.2; Wheat. Dig. h.t.; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
And so, if his starting position is an identity or at-homeness that is aware of the alien action of grace in the background, Lila's journey is a kind of reverse image as she moves away from sheer alienness toward recognition or integration, toward her ironic but reconciled inhabiting of a native language shared with her husband.
That and your utter alienness, your not understanding the unspoken rules everyone who grew up in the islands knows, the unstated expectations of a subtle culture.
Our literature, our texts didn't commit us to an exploration of our world; rather, they were our cultural markers, giving us a sense of the wholeness of our world; and the alienness of what lay outside.
In criticism weighted toward the Rossetti of the sonnet on "The World," nothing better brings out her "radical alienness" than Jerome J.
But now maleness too is easily displaced into alienness. Over and above the civilizational bullying characteristic of patriarchy (which SF usually projects on to non-Western primitives like Klingons--the humanoid race in Star Trek--or space Nazis like the Peacekeepers in the TV series Farscape), there is the grotesque and inexorable peculiarity of the phallus/penis, which may act as an alien appendage even to its worshippers, like the invading tentacular rape-monsters of Japanese hentai (erotic animation).
His observation that the patch of earth beneath the house has been protected from the elements pitches us into an inhuman perspective: "At a bright time in the sun, and in a sudden alienness to those rhythms the land had known these hundred million years" a handful of humans appeared and erected the little shelter.
Continual harping on the alien status of Arab-Americans is harmful, and counterproductive in that it deepens their "alienness." It is far more useful and productive to conduct intelligent discussions of bias and prejudice against Arab- American while simultaneously working very hard to situate the community within U.S.
Folk everywhere will probably sympathize, in Coney Island as in Capetown, but Schreuders makes this cosmetic gaffe the sign for something more troubling: the alienness of white-skinned people in the land beneath the African sun.
At first glance, the viewer is struck by the sheer alienness of, say, racing Madagascar cockroaches in the middle of a mall.
(66) Even if some of these elements may either be the products of the portrait's aging, or of later retouchings, those phenomena would not account for the fundamental alienness of the face in the painting common to the perceptions of its historical and contemporary viewers.
The knowledge of the end of the communist rule in central eastern Europe in 1989 makes it possible for Istvan Rev to trace historical parallels and reiterations, as well as experience the communist era as "history," meaning not so much the time distance between the communist era and the contemporary subject, but rather the sense of alienness and distance that European communism invokes today.