alter

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alter

verb adapt, adjust, amend, change, commutare, commute, convert, deviate, innovate, invert, make innovations, metamorphose, moderate, modulate, mutare, qualify, rearrange, recast, reorganize, temper, transform, transmogrify, turn, variegate, vary
Associated concepts: alter a document, alter a will, forgery, fraud
See also: adapt, amend, change, commute, condition, convert, countervail, denature, edit, emend, falsify, fix, fluctuate, qualify, rectify, repair, revise, tamper, transform, vary

TO ALTER. To change. Alterations are made either in the contract itself, or in the instrument which is evidence of it. The contract may at any time be altered with the consent of the parties, and the alteration may be either in writing or not in writing.
     2. It is a general rule that the terms of a contract under seal, cannot be changed by a parol agreement. Cooke, 500; 3 Blackf. R. 353; 4 Bibb. 1. But it has been decided that an alteration of a contract by specialty, made by parol, makes it all parol. 2 Watts, 451; 1 Wash. R. 170; 4 Cowen, 564; 3 Harr. & John. 438; 9 Pick. 298; 1 East, R. 619; but see 3 S.& R. 579.
     3. When the contract is, in writing, but not under seal, it may be varied by parol, and the whole will make but one agreement. 9 Cowen, 115; 5.N. H. Rep. 99; 6 Harr. & John, 38; 18 John. 420; 1 John. Cas. 22; 5 Cowen, 606; Pet. C. C. R. 221; 1 Fairf. 414.
     4. When the contract is evidenced by a specialty, and it is altered by parol, the whole will be considered as a parol agreement. 2 Watt 451; 9 Pick. 298. For alteration of instruments see Erasure; Interlineation. See, generally, 7 Greenl. 76, 121, 394; 15 John. 200; 2 Penna. R. 454.

References in periodicals archive ?
Critics of book altering say the practice is disrespectful and wonder whether all the books being used truly are ready for the scrap heap.
With other mutations, we are altering a macromolecule.
1996) after long-term exposure to d-AMPH] may result in a decrease in the amount of DA released after depolarization of the neuron, thereby altering the normal transfer of information between neurons.
Thus, arsenic may represent a new class of endocrine disruptors that may act by altering downstream receptor function rather than by direct competition of hormone binding.
Prolonged exposure (6 days) of PC12 cells to nanomolar concentrations of methylmercury reduces whole cell calcium currents; it is not known whether this decrease in current is caused by direct effects of methylmercury on calcium channels, or to indirect effects, such as altering channel density.
toxicants," including those capable of altering DNA, Bercz concludes.
DDAF is the nonprofit organizer of Spay Day USA, the national campaign to reduce pet overpopulation that has been responsible for altering more than one million cats, dogs, and other animals since its inception.
What did they think would happen, keeping these dogs together without altering them, but for the female to become pregnant?
Eventually, Ledley hopes to adapt the treatment for children with liver-associated metabolic diseases by genetically altering hepatocytes to produce the protein their defective cells cannot.
Molecular biologists have become reasonably adept at inserting and deleting nuclear genes, and in 1988 scientists succeeded in altering the genetic sequence of chloroplasts in primitive algae bearing only one chloroplast per cell.
has charged that ConAgra engaged in a pattern and practice of altering USDA certificates without authorization since 1991.
The idea of altering natural insect populations to human advantage is not new, but has rarely proved successful.