ambassador

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AMBASSADOR, international law. A public minister sent abroad by some sovereign state or prince, with a legal commission and authority to transact business on behalf of his country with the government to which he is sent. He is a minister of the highest rank, and represents the person of his sovereign.
     2. The United States have always been represented by ministers plenipotentiary, never having sent a person of the rank of an, ambassador in the diplomatic sense. 1 Kent's Com. 39, n.
     3. Ambassadors, when acknowledged as such, are exempted, absolutely from all allegiance, and from all responsibility to the laws. If, however, they should be so regardless of their duty, and of the object of their privilege, as to insult or openly to attack the laws of the government, their functions may be suspended by a refusal to treat with them, or application can be made to their own sovereign for their recall, or they may be dismissed, and required to depart within a reasonable time. By fiction of law, an ambassador is considered as if he were out of the territory of the foreign power; and it is an implied agreement among nations, that the ambassador, while he resides in the foreign state, shall be considered as a member of his own country, and the government he represents has exclusive cognizance of his conduct, and control of his person. The attendants of the ambassador are attached to his person, and the effects in his use are under his protection and privilege, and, generally, equally exempt from foreign jurisdiction.
     4. Ambassadors are ordinary or extraordinary. The former designation is exclusively applied to those sent on permanent missions; the latter, to those employed on particular or extraordinary occasions, or residing at a foreign court for an indeterminate period. Vattel, Droit des Gens, 1. 4, c. 6, Sec. 70-79.
     5. The act of Congress of April 30th, 1790, s. 25, makes void any writ or process sued forth or prosecuted against any ambassador authorized and received by the president of the United States, or any domestic servant of such ambassador; and the 25th section of the same act, punishes any person who shall sue forth or prosecute such writ or process, and all attorneys and soliciters prosecuting or soliciting in such case, and all officers executing such writ or process, with an imprisonment not exceeding three years, and a fine at the discretion of the court. The act provides that citizens or inhabitants of the United States who were indebted when they went into the service of an ambassador, shall not be protected as to such debt; and it requires also that the names of such servants shall be registered in the office of the secretary of state. The 16th section imposes the like punishment on any person offering violence to the person of an ambassador or other minister. P Vide 1 Kent, Com. 14, 38, 182; Rutherf. Inst. b. 2, c. 9; Vatt. b. 4, c. 8, s. 113; 2 Wash. C. C. R. 435; Ayl. Pand. 245; 1 Bl. Com. 253; Bac. Ab. h.t.; 2 Vin. Ab. 286; Grot. lib. 2, c. 8, 1, 3; 1 Whart. Dig. 382; 2 Id. 314; Dig. l. 50, t. 7; Code I. 10, t. 63, l. 4; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     6. The British statute 7 Ann, cap. 12; is similar in its provisions; it extends to the family and servants of an ambassador, as well when they are the natives of the country in which the ambassador resides, as when they are foreigners whom he brings with him. (3 Burr. 1776-7) To constitute a domestic servant within the meaning of the statute, it is not necessary that the servant should lodge, at night in the house of the ambassador, but it is necessary to show the nature of the service he renders and the actual performance of it. 3 Burr. 1731; Cases Temp. Hardw. 5. He must, in fact, prove that he is bona fide the ambassador's servant. A land waiter at the custom house is not such, nor entitled to the privilege of the statute. 1 Burr. 401. A trader is not entitled to the protection of the statute. 3 Burr. 1731; Cases Temp. Hardw. 5. A person in debt cannot be taken into an ambassador's service in order to protect him. 3 Burr. 1677.

References in periodicals archive ?
Cotton's move to block three ambassadorial appointments might seem unrelated to the Secret Service imbroglio.
In an unprecedented act, the American Foreign Service Association (AFSA), the Foreign Service professional association, filed a Freedom of Information Act request for documents on the embattled ambassadorial nominees plus all pending diplomatic nominees.
Sir Alex Ferguson, who will end his 27-year stint as the manager of Manchester United after the West Bromwich Albion game on Sunday (19 May) and take up the role of director and ambassador for the club, has endorsed the idea of rewarding former players with ambassadorial roles like that of Bayern Munich.
Each of the participating schools stood an equal chance to win the Ambassadorial trophy depending on their performance at the Big Brag.
The recommendation creates a new system whereby the presidency would be an ambassadorial role appointed on a one-year rotational basis, while a chairman would lead the board," Lorgat said.
While Gerrard expects to have several years remaining playing at the top level plans have already been put in place for him to take up an ambassadorial role when he eventually retires.
The panel also approved Obama's ambassadorial nominees for Djibouti, Rwanda, Senegal and Guinea-Bisseau, Malawi, Paraguay, Guyana, Honduras, and Kazakhstan.
Earlier, Kuwait's National Assembly Speaker Jassem Mohammad al-Kharafi had announced that the two countries decided to resume their ambassadorial activities.
ISLAMABAD, May 18 -- Foreign Office on Monday summoned the officials of US Embassy in Islamabad on non-issuance of visas to Pakistan's ambassadorial staff for United States, ARY NEWS reported.
During his ambassadorial term of office in Belgium, the Ambassador made great contributions to building and strengthening friendly and cooperative relations between the two countries.
The government of Afghanistan has purchased two multi-million dollar Upper East Side spaces for its ambassadorial branch, the Permanent Mission of Afghanistan to the United Nations, according to two deeds filed today.
His previous ambassadorial posts include the Republic of Kazakhstan from 2004 to 2008, and Armenia, where he served from 2001 to 2004.

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