amercement


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

amercement

noun damages, fine, forfeit, forfeiture, pecuniary penalty, penalty
See also: correction, cost, discipline, fine, forfeiture, penalty, punishment

AMERCEMENT, practice. A pecuniary penalty imposed upon a person who is in misericordia; as, for example, when the defendant se retaxit, or recessit in contemptum curioe. 8 Co. 58; Bar. Ab. Fines and Amercements. By the common law, none can be amerced in his absence, except for his default. Non licet aliquem in sua absentia amerciare nisi per ejus defaltas. Fleta, lib. 2, cap. 65, Sec. 15.
     2. Formerly, if the sheriff failed in obeying the writs, rules, or orders of the court, he might be amerced; that is, a penalty might be imposed upon him; but this practice has been superseded by attachment. In New Jersey and Ohio, the sheriff may, by statutory provision, be amerced for making a return contrary to the provision of the statute. Coxe, 136, 169; 6 Halst. 334; 3 Halst. 270, 271; 5 Halst. 319; 1 Green, 159, 341; 2 Green, 350; 2 South. 433; 1 Ham. 275; 2 Ham. 603; 6 Ham. 452; Wright, 720.

AMERCIAMENT, AMERCEMENT, English law. A pecuniary punishment arbitrarily imposed by some lord or count, in distinction from a fine which is expressed according to the statute. Kitch. 78. Amerciament royal, when the amerciament is made by the sheriff, or any other officer of the king. 4 Bl. Com. 372.

References in periodicals archive ?
on their behalf, presumably the cost of their amercement in the church court.
Cambridge, 1968), ii, 519: `A litigant who hoped to get to the end of his suit without an amercement must have been a sanguine man; for he was playing a game of forfeits'.
A punishment of the first amercement was to be imposed for cutting trunks and the middle amercement was to be imposed for felling the trees.
When a person entraps, kills, or molests deer, bison, birds and fish which are declared to be under state protection or which live in forests under state protection (abhayaranya), he shall be punished with the highest amercement.
probably no single "community" in the county will escape without amercement.
amercements ("fines" in the modern sense of the word) imposed by the king's justices for violation of the law;
amercements for misbehaviour in matters of civil right.
The abbreviation po (ponit se super patriam, or `is brought to trial') is written above some culprits' names instead of the usual amercements.
amercement, she has reached a conclusion supported by neither the documentary record nor the historiography.
70) Many of the common forestallers who were fined paltry sums had too little capital to monopolize anything; their amercements were merely token punishments for the honour of the town.
Abuse of discretion in fixing amercements for misconduct is what these three clauses of Magna Carta sought to curb, and contemporary lawyers could easily have seen a connection between them and the principle of proportionality found within the natural law.
To Received by 1:04:11 Amercements, Received by Copy- 14:07:06 hold Fines, The Accompt of Stock thereupon is as followeth Given in Charge Sold for l, s.