Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Amortization: depreciation, EBITDA, Amortization schedule


The reduction of a debt incurred, for example, in the purchase of stocks or bonds, by regular payments consisting of interest and part of the principal made over a specified time period upon the expiration of which the entire debt is repaid. A mortgage is amortized when it is repaid with periodic payments over a particular term. After a certain portion of each payment is applied to the interest on the debt, any balance reduces the principal.

The allocation of the cost of an intangible asset, for example, a patent or Copyright, over its estimated useful life that is considered an expense of doing business and is used to offset the earnings of the asset by its declining value. If an intangible asset has an indefinite life, such as good will, it cannot be amortized.

Amortization is not the same as depreciation, which is the allocation of the original cost of a tangible asset computed over its anticipated useful life, based on its physical wear and tear and the passage of time. Amortization of intangible assets and depreciation of tangible assets are used for tax purposes to reduce the yearly income generated by the assets by their decreasing values so that the tax imposed upon the earnings of assets is less. Amortization differs from depletion, which is a reduction in the book value of a natural resource, such as a mineral, resulting from its conversion into a marketable product. Depletion is used for a similar tax purpose as amortization and depreciation—to reduce the yearly income generated by the asset by the expenses involved in its sale so that less tax will be due.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. a periodic payment plan to pay a debt in which the interest and a portion of the principal is included in each payment by an established mathematical formula. Most commonly it is used on a real property loan or financing of an automobile or other purchase. By figuring the interest on the declining principal and the number of years of the loan, the monthly payments are averaged and determined. Since the main portion of the early payments is interest, the principal does not decline rapidly until the latter stages of the loan term. If the amortization leaves a principal balance at the close of the time for repayment, this final lump sum is called a "balloon" payment. (See: promissory note)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

AMORTIZATION, contracts, English law. An alienation of lands or tenements in mortmain. 2 Stat. Ed. I.
     2. The reduction of the property of lands or tenements to mortmain.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, amortization for the same period of P150.451 billion was 38.26 percent lower than last year's P243.697 billion.
From January to May, the government paid a total of P301.4 billion in debt-P150.9 billion in interest payments and P150.5 billion in amortization.
The loan features a term of 10 years with a 25-year amortization and an interest rate of 4.25%.
The useful life for amortization would be the best estimate of the period over which the benefits will continue.
After all, had the CEO in our imaginary acquisition scenario properly identified and valued the target firm's intangible assets prior to the deal in anticipation of having to meet the new reporting requirements, he or she would have been able to factor in the expected post-deal amortization costs when pricing and structuring the deal.
The company's pro forma net loss -- excluding other noncash expenses, amortization of intangible assets, amortization of stock-based compensation and the extraordinary gain -- to- taled $15.4 million, compared with $33.3 million in the 2000 quarter.
The permanent loan has a fixed interest rate of 7.14 percent and a 25-year amortization.
We believe that the diversity and professional training of our members enable us to bring an important, balanced, and practical perspective to the issues raised by the proposed regulations under sections 167 and 197 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to the amortization of certain intangible property.
The amortization deduction is allowed as long as the remainderman is neither a shareholder nor related to one.
DEBT payments made by the national government as of the first quarter of 2019 amounted to P220.179 billion, increasing by 11.09 percent from the P198.2 billion recorded in the same period for 2018, with amortization outpacing interest payments for the period.
The latest Bureau of the Treasury data showed the combined amortization and interest payments in July dropped 53 percent from P99.66 billion during the same month last year.
Select transactions include $11 million to refinance a 127-unit multi-family portfolio in the Bronx, on a 7 year term, at 3.25 percent and 25 year amortization with one year IO.