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CHANCE, accident. As the law punishes a crime only when there is an intention to commit it, it follows that when those acts are done in a lawful business or pursuit by mere chance or accident, which would have been criminal if there had been an intention, express or implied, to commit them, there is no crime. For example, if workmen were employed in blasting rocks in a retired field, and a person not knowing of the circumstance should enter the field, and be killed by a piece of the rock, there would be no guilt in the workmen. 1 East, P. C. 262 Poster, 262; 1 Hale's P. C. 472; 4 Bl. Com. 192. Vide Accident.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
"But then you look at Hull and Stoke, and you've got to say Birmingham have an even chance.
Whether we can win remains to be seen, but myself and the players are going in with, what we consider, an even chance."
Outside of the cities of Hull and Stoke everyone thought the Baggies were the best equipped to stay in the Premier League, yet the other two have more than an even chance of surviving, while Albion, like beautiful butterflies, charm us for a short life span.
This time last year it looked at best an even chance. For the historically minded it was a near certainty.
Even Sandy Jones, chief executive of the Professional Golfers Association, still calls Schofield's remarks an "outburst" and maintains they were premature and that the bids were all given an even chance to win the day.
Top priority is a meeting with Hoddle and the England coach revealed yesterday: "Maybe I'll talk with Gazza when he's had four or five games and given himself an even chance of getting fit."
``Morocco are ranked around sixth in the world but we have given two great performances and now have an even chance of getting through.
A French insider said: "Celtic will have an even chance. Christophe will sign with whoever makes him feel most wanted.
Both missed Saturday's match at Villa Park and were under intensive treatment today with Ipswich's Johnson still rated doubtful and Robson given an even chance of playing for the Londoners.
But at the same time young British people must be trained to compete on a level playing field and given an even chance for jobs so the system is fair for everyone."
Still, history's on our side and the shirts appear up for it, all of which points to at least an even chance of another Cardiff trip in May - surely nobody outside of the Flat Earth Society believes the new Wembley will be ready in time.
The former Toon midfielder insists the Greek side's impressive home form gives them at least an even chance of dumping the Magpies out of the UEFA Cup.