analgesic

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Analgesia for labor and delivery in a parturient with paramyotonia congenita.
Outcomes were measured in terms of sensory and motor blockade characteristics, duration of analgesia, intra-operative hemodynamic changes and adverse effects like sedation, pruritus, nausea and vomiting.
22 states had [greater than or equal to] 75% use of neuraxial analgesia
This tool can eliminate psychological factors such as personality, age, gender and changes in cultural background, fear, anxiety, depression and anger for pain assessment.6 From this point of view, it can be suggested that sympathetic tonus increase and pain caused by the elimination of the effect of epidural analgesia applied at vaginal delivery may also affect PI.
In this study TAP block proved a better quality of analgesia as compared to local anesthetic infiltration of surgical incision with less postoperative analgesic requirements and ultimately decreased incidence of complications.
[19] Data on complications with respect to obstetric epidural analgesia are again limited in SA, but an audit in the Western Cape Province showed a serious complication rate of 0.7%.
Patients who underwent infraclavicular nerve block and infraclavicular perineural catheter insertion prior to surgery and who were given analgesia by the patient-controlled method in the postoperative period were selected.
Postoperative analgesia was ordered as 1 gr intravenous paracetamol every 8 hours.
Of these two methods of anaesthesia and analgesia, the method to be administered was decided according to the preference of individual patients.
Epidural injection of dilute local anesthetic solutions mixed with opioids such as fentanyl or sufentanil is one of the technique for pain relief during labor because both of these drugs act synergistically to provide effective and satisfactory labor analgesia. [8] It has been shown that the addition of fentanyl allows administration of smaller dose of local anesthetic, which should decrease the incidence of motor block and systemic local anesthetic toxicity.
Fentanyl acts as an agonist at [micro]-opioid receptors to enhance the analgesia, it is 100 times more potent than morphine.