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The inference that two or more things that are similar to each other in some respects are also similar in other respects.

An analogy denotes that similarity exists in some characteristics of things that are otherwise not alike.

In a legal argument, an analogy may be used when there is no precedent (prior case law close in facts and legal principles) in point. Reasoning by analogy involves referring to a case that concerns unrelated subject matter but is governed by the same general principles and applying those principles to the case at hand.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ANALOGY, construction. The similitude of relations which exist between things compared.
     2. To reason analogically, is to draw conclusions based on this similitude of relations, on the resemblance, or the connexion which is perceived between the objects compared. "It is this guide," says Toollier, which leads the law lawgiver, like other men, without his observing it. It is analogy which induces us, with reason, to suppose that, following the example of the Creator of the universe, the lawgiver has established general and uniform laws, which it is unnecessary to repeat in all analogous cases." Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 1, c. 1. Vide Ang. on Adv. Enjoym. 30, 31; Hale's Com. Law, 141.
     3. Analogy has been declared to be an argument or guide in forming legal judgments, and is very commonly a ground of such judgments. 7 Barn. & Cres. 168; 3 Bing. R. 265; 8 Bing R. 557, 563; 3 Atk. 313; 1 Eden's R. 212; 1 W. Bl. 151; 6 Ves. jr. 675, 676; 3 Swanst. R. 561; 1 Turn. & R. 103, 338; 1 R. & M. 352, 475, 477; 4 Burr. R. 1962; 2022, 2068; 4 T. R. 591; 4 Barn. & Cr. 855; 7 Dowl. & Ry. 251; Cas. t. Talb. 140; 3 P. Wms. 391; 3 Bro. C. C. 639, n.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Behind this seemingly technical argument lies a significant question: what is the composite structure of reality that leads us to the knowledge of the existence of God, and how do we name God analogically departing from characteristics we find in creatures?
Values [[theta].sub.i] were found analogically, in the range of 5 [less than or equal to] n [less than or equal to] 16 (see Table 1).
Analogically for A transformation we apply density f([omega]) approximation with density [f.sub.[summation]](u):
Task accomplishment probabilities of other modules (with control) can be calculated analogically. In result of differential control at the point A (Fig.
And in this second way some things are predicated of God and creatures analogically, neither purely equivocally nor univocally.
Given the medieval penchant for talking analogically about divine creativity in terms of human artistry, more attention might have been given to the inclusion of "beauty" among the transcendentals by some medieval philosophers, or less to the supposedly negative attitude toward mythology among ancient Greek philosophers.
Wiercinski clarifies for the reader the sense in which Siewerth is able to understand Thomistic metaphysics as an "identity-system" in which Being is understood as an eminent or analogically excessive "identity of identity and difference." It is on this basis that Siewerth can understand Hegel's concept to be similar to Thomistic esse, even as esse shows itself to be ever more dissimilar to the dialectical identity of identity and difference that esse itself exceeds in order to render the dialectical process effectively possible.
20), a term that Aquinas in fact employs analogically in each of these instances.
Reflecting on the meaning of being, Blanchette argues that it is something that we can only approach analogically and never by a univocal concept, as ff it were something we could abstract and express conceptually in terms of one of the categories.
Porter states that Christian ethics, when employed analogically and not apodictically, and when the virtues remain connected to but never reduced to "do's" and "dont's," can provide a much needed remedy in today's moral debates.
In what follows, the author attempts to reconstruct Heidegger's mid-career ontology as analogically and secularly organized.
The sounds are produced acoustically with a piano and vocally (both at times altered), analogically through electrical signals, and digitally with virtual instruments and controllers.