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The inference that two or more things that are similar to each other in some respects are also similar in other respects.

An analogy denotes that similarity exists in some characteristics of things that are otherwise not alike.

In a legal argument, an analogy may be used when there is no precedent (prior case law close in facts and legal principles) in point. Reasoning by analogy involves referring to a case that concerns unrelated subject matter but is governed by the same general principles and applying those principles to the case at hand.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ANALOGY, construction. The similitude of relations which exist between things compared.
     2. To reason analogically, is to draw conclusions based on this similitude of relations, on the resemblance, or the connexion which is perceived between the objects compared. "It is this guide," says Toollier, which leads the law lawgiver, like other men, without his observing it. It is analogy which induces us, with reason, to suppose that, following the example of the Creator of the universe, the lawgiver has established general and uniform laws, which it is unnecessary to repeat in all analogous cases." Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 1, c. 1. Vide Ang. on Adv. Enjoym. 30, 31; Hale's Com. Law, 141.
     3. Analogy has been declared to be an argument or guide in forming legal judgments, and is very commonly a ground of such judgments. 7 Barn. & Cres. 168; 3 Bing. R. 265; 8 Bing R. 557, 563; 3 Atk. 313; 1 Eden's R. 212; 1 W. Bl. 151; 6 Ves. jr. 675, 676; 3 Swanst. R. 561; 1 Turn. & R. 103, 338; 1 R. & M. 352, 475, 477; 4 Burr. R. 1962; 2022, 2068; 4 T. R. 591; 4 Barn. & Cr. 855; 7 Dowl. & Ry. 251; Cas. t. Talb. 140; 3 P. Wms. 391; 3 Bro. C. C. 639, n.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Four analogies were presented: intelligence, nonlethal weapons, precision-guided munitions (PGM), and drones.
I was taken, then, with two analogies used to describe the Russian infiltration of American social media during the 2016 presidential election.
In other words, metaphor is a simple descriptive comparison between two relevant domains (Bailer-Jones, 2009), while analogies are more likely to be mathematically formulated since they deal with similar dynamics, relations or processes observed in different domains - from this perspective, the extension of the Ising model by econophysicists in finance can be perceived as an analogical model.
This is the reason why the learning of verbal analogies is a crucial, more personalized and humanistic trend in language teaching (Plaister, 1981).
the result of analogy as the result of reading analogies as though they
Analogies can be complex (electricity flows like water) or simple (his new cell phone is very similar to his old phone).
In the synectics model, Joyce and Weil (2000) describe three types of analogies to be used: personal analogy, direct analogy, and compressed conflict.
Walitt, however, acknowledged a cavea--that fibromyalgia is a very hard problem and that, even if we hadn't been chasing analogies we may still not be better off.
These analogies are visible in the poetry of Smith and Darwin which elucidates systematic botany by creating narrative and visual connections between plants and the technical information represented by their names, classes, and orders.
Avicenna identifies three ways in which the intensional similarities of absolute analogies are diversified by the intensional dissimilarities of their instances.
Luckily for O'Malley, the analogies and echoes from the past are those of a couple of relatively unknown governors of recent past named Jimmy Carter of Georgia and Bill Clinton of Arkansas.
During this phase, participants were tasked with creating analogies for a series of database introductory concepts.