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The inference that two or more things that are similar to each other in some respects are also similar in other respects.

An analogy denotes that similarity exists in some characteristics of things that are otherwise not alike.

In a legal argument, an analogy may be used when there is no precedent (prior case law close in facts and legal principles) in point. Reasoning by analogy involves referring to a case that concerns unrelated subject matter but is governed by the same general principles and applying those principles to the case at hand.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ANALOGY, construction. The similitude of relations which exist between things compared.
     2. To reason analogically, is to draw conclusions based on this similitude of relations, on the resemblance, or the connexion which is perceived between the objects compared. "It is this guide," says Toollier, which leads the law lawgiver, like other men, without his observing it. It is analogy which induces us, with reason, to suppose that, following the example of the Creator of the universe, the lawgiver has established general and uniform laws, which it is unnecessary to repeat in all analogous cases." Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 1, c. 1. Vide Ang. on Adv. Enjoym. 30, 31; Hale's Com. Law, 141.
     3. Analogy has been declared to be an argument or guide in forming legal judgments, and is very commonly a ground of such judgments. 7 Barn. & Cres. 168; 3 Bing. R. 265; 8 Bing R. 557, 563; 3 Atk. 313; 1 Eden's R. 212; 1 W. Bl. 151; 6 Ves. jr. 675, 676; 3 Swanst. R. 561; 1 Turn. & R. 103, 338; 1 R. & M. 352, 475, 477; 4 Burr. R. 1962; 2022, 2068; 4 T. R. 591; 4 Barn. & Cr. 855; 7 Dowl. & Ry. 251; Cas. t. Talb. 140; 3 P. Wms. 391; 3 Bro. C. C. 639, n.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Consistent with Goswami's position, however, this was not accompanied by similar improvements in their reading of analogous pronounceable non-words.
Unlike the fins of its ancestors, those at the end of Tiktaalik's protolimbs included bones analogous to those in human wrists and fingers.
Consistent with their trademark use of colour, the exterior of Sauerbruch Hutton's Museum for the Brandhorst Collection will be articulated in three colour zones, analogous to the interior structure of the exhibition galleries.
However, large-format arrays of mm-wave detectors, analogous to CCDs in the visible region, do not yet exist.
Thus, taxpayers and the IRS have been forced to use sourcing rules that apply to analogous types of income to determine the proper treatment of such fees, as exemplified in Field Service Advice (FSA) 200147033.
The idea has become known as "charter forests" (analogous to charter schools): allowing segments of the national forests to be managed by private trusts in order to, as the budget proposal says, "overcome inertia and an excessive decisionmaking structure...[and] avoid the central bureaucracy and thereby reduce organization inefficiencies" in forest management.
But it will release some of the sense of frustration that now prevails when Catholics--accustomed to the right to vote as a minimum means of expressing their political nature--are denied analogous rights in the church.
One of these, the victory of Hellenistic/Roman civilization, shattered biblical Judaism and called forth a response (analogous to the response of Torah) in the form of Rabbinic Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
"Office buildings in this area are analogous to the pre-war apartment buildings in the residential neighborhoods of the Upper West Side," said Ezratty.
Remediation liabilities generally arise as a result of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund), the corrective action provisions of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) or analogous state and non-U.S.
Even the process of historical development was analogous to that of ancient art, and this correspondence assured him both that a universal perfection had been achieved and that his account of the process was correct.