Analogy


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Analogy

The inference that two or more things that are similar to each other in some respects are also similar in other respects.

An analogy denotes that similarity exists in some characteristics of things that are otherwise not alike.

In a legal argument, an analogy may be used when there is no precedent (prior case law close in facts and legal principles) in point. Reasoning by analogy involves referring to a case that concerns unrelated subject matter but is governed by the same general principles and applying those principles to the case at hand.

ANALOGY, construction. The similitude of relations which exist between things compared.
     2. To reason analogically, is to draw conclusions based on this similitude of relations, on the resemblance, or the connexion which is perceived between the objects compared. "It is this guide," says Toollier, which leads the law lawgiver, like other men, without his observing it. It is analogy which induces us, with reason, to suppose that, following the example of the Creator of the universe, the lawgiver has established general and uniform laws, which it is unnecessary to repeat in all analogous cases." Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 1, c. 1. Vide Ang. on Adv. Enjoym. 30, 31; Hale's Com. Law, 141.
     3. Analogy has been declared to be an argument or guide in forming legal judgments, and is very commonly a ground of such judgments. 7 Barn. & Cres. 168; 3 Bing. R. 265; 8 Bing R. 557, 563; 3 Atk. 313; 1 Eden's R. 212; 1 W. Bl. 151; 6 Ves. jr. 675, 676; 3 Swanst. R. 561; 1 Turn. & R. 103, 338; 1 R. & M. 352, 475, 477; 4 Burr. R. 1962; 2022, 2068; 4 T. R. 591; 4 Barn. & Cr. 855; 7 Dowl. & Ry. 251; Cas. t. Talb. 140; 3 P. Wms. 391; 3 Bro. C. C. 639, n.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Age of Analogy in effect surveys this project in case studies of five influential, representative nineteenth-century authors: Erasmus Darwin; Walter Scott; Alfred, Lord Tennyson; George Eliot; and Charles Darwin.
After having characterized the evolution of the DNA sequences, the authors used the same analogy to describe the fluctuations of annual growth rates for firms by showing that the dynamics of sales generate the same statistical situation as the one observed for the DNA walks.
The workshop included 11 papers representing a range of computational analogy research methods and topics, including corpus mining for analogies, analogical proportions, analogy for natural language processing, design by analogy, analogy tutors, and instruction for analogical agents.
encoding, inference, mapping, application, comparison, & justification) used in inductive reasoning are essential for solving analogy problems.
Lal has "prejudged things in his own fashion, drawn conclusion by embarking on erroneous analogy, conjecturing to the brim on apparent facts telling a different story propelled by vitriolic reasoning," the judges said in their order on Thursday to acquit the Talwars.
A possible reason for this is the analogy proposed in the textbook [1] between the polarization of the dielectric [mathematical expression not reproducible] ([[mu].sub.0] is the magnetic constant), but the latter requires a theoretical justification.
The book concludes provocatively that "analogy arguably vies in importance with the introduction into Western culture of the mathematical sign zero" (226).
Some people might be sympathetic to Trump Jr 's analogy and not the feminist argument, and vice versa.
Previous models of analogy, including prior versions of SME, have not been able to scale to the size of representations that people tend to use.
In the synectics model, Joyce and Weil (2000) describe three types of analogies to be used: personal analogy, direct analogy, and compressed conflict.
'A lot of the time, things that we're trying to find in basic science are up-translated into being meaningful when they may not be," and then used to fit an analogy that is probably not true, said Dr.
(6) Both Catherine Packham and Devin Griffiths have explored Darwin's use of analogy in The Loves of the Plants and Zoonomia (1794).