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Related to ankle joint: Subtalar joint


United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
(AJA: ankle joint angle (90[degrees] = anatomical position), KJA: knee joint angle (0[degrees] = full extension position), L: lower leg length (linear distance [mm] from the popliteal fossa to the lateral malleolus of the ankle joint)
Interestingly, there was a strong relationship between AP ankle joint laxity and both mediolateral and vertical TTS with and without a mirror.
[26] have demonstrated that neither the ankle joint nor the subtalar joint acts as an ideal hinge joint of the ankle complex with fixed axes of rotations, and any foot motion is the result of rotations about both joints.
Leidinger et al., "Total tibial endoprosthesis including ankle joint and knee joint replacement in a patient with Ewing sarcoma," Acta Orthopaedica, vol.
Given the ankle joint's inherent stability, the most common cause of ankle OA is trauma, (4) mainly ankle fracture and, less commonly, ligamentous injury.5'6 Other rarer causes of ankle arthritis include primary OA, crystalline arthropathy, inflammatory disease, septic arthritis, neuroarthropathy, hemochromatosis, and ochronosis.
An increase in the dorsiflexion of the ankle joint and flexion of the knee joint will lower the center of mass, thereby ensuring stability and achieving careful forward walking.
(19) By minimising soft tissue dissection, decreases infection rate and permits early mobilisation of the ankle joint through hinges in a stable mechanical environment.
In this study, we defined ankle joint angle at 0[degrees] (dorsiflexion 0[degrees]) when the foot plate was perpendicular to the ground and measured the ankle joint angle as the rotation angle of the foot plate; we defined dorsiflexion as positive.
Right ankle angle: the right ankle joint is the peak, the heel of the right foot and right knee joint respectively forms two lines with the right ankle joint.
Of all the intra-articular fractures occurring in weight-bearing joints, the most common joint involved is the ankle joint. [7] The methods involved in restoring function and preventing arthritis include either closed treatment, which is manipulative reduction and immobilization in plaster cast, or open reduction with internal fixation.
The aim of this investigation was to explore whether the muscle latencies and proprioceptive ability of the ankle joint differ between the limbs of sedentary healthy participants.
Although the calves are the largest muscle group acting on the ankle joint when the foot is pointed, it's the underused intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the feet that need to be engaged in order to access your full range of motion.