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SURGERY, med. jur. That part of the healing art which relates to external diseases; their treatment; and, specially, to the manual operations adopted for their cure.
     2. Every lawyer should have some acquaintance with surgery; his knowledge on this subject will be found useful in cases of homicide and wounds.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Visitors from all over Europe flocked to his clinic and, through him, the principles of antiseptic surgery were propounded and propagated.
Googling a runner Joseph Lister Haydock 2.20 A pioneer of antiseptic surgery, Joseph Lister (1827-1912) did much to reduce deaths from infection.
Begun as an exercise in historical commuting, the work gradually expanded into "an international study of the spread of Listerian surgery and medical networks," many of these budding practitioners having attended the lectures and assisted the operations of Joseph Lister, the father of antiseptic surgery and an instructor at Glasgow (1861-69) and Edinburgh (1869-77).
It was largely due to Dr MacGregor's efforts - assisted, as he freely admitted, by Joseph Lister's advances in antiseptic surgery - that surgical operations went up to 1,500 a year and deaths from sepsis dropped to almost nil.