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Related to antiviral resistance: Resistance to antiviral drugs

RESISTANCE. The opposition of force to force.
     2. Resistance is either lawful or unlawful. 1. It is lawful to resist one who is in the act of committing a felony or other crime, or who maliciously endeavors to commit such felony or crime. See self defence. And a man may oppose force to force against one who endeavors to make an arrest, or to enter his house without lawful authority for the purpose; or, if in certain cases he abuse such authority, and do more than he was authorized to do; or if it turn out in the result he has no right to enter, then the party about to be imprisoned, or whose house is about to be illegally entered, may resist the illegal imprisonment or entry by self-defence, not using any dangerous weapons, and may escape, be rescued, or even break prison, and others may assist him in so doing. 5 Taunt. 765; 1 B. & Adol, 166; 1 East, P. C. 295; 5 East, 304; 1 Chit. Pr. 634. See Regular and Irregular Process.
     3.-2. Resistance is unlawful when the persons having a lawful authority to arrest, apprehend, or imprison, or otherwise to advance or execute the public justice of the country, either civil or criminal, and using the proper means for that purpose, are resisted in so doing; and if the party guilty of such resistance, or others assisting him, be killed in the struggle, such homicide is justifiable; while on the other hand, if the officer be killed, it will, at common law, be murder in those who resist. Fost. 270; 1 Hale, 457; 1 East, P. C. 305.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
de Jong, "Emerging influenza antiviral resistance threats," Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.
Detection of molecular markers of antiviral resistance in influenza A (H5N1) viruses using a pyrosequencing method.
Pockros stressed, physicians must have a good understanding of the treatment regimens, particularly in special populations, and they must actively and frequently monitor for antiviral resistance. Additionally, physicians should anticipate problems with adherence, which is already an issue for some patients on standard therapy, he said, noting that--despite the shorter treatment duration--adding a third drug with its own set of side effects to the mix may not be realistic for patients with a history of poor compliance.
They added: "The emergency of oseltamivir resistance has highlighted the need for the development of new antiviral drugs and rapid diagnostic tests that determine viral subtype or resistance, as well as improved representativeness and timeliness of national influenza surveillance for antiviral resistance."
"For example, even though it may not be possible to predict how the drug will affect new viral strains, the drug's clinical effects and antiviral resistance profiles in seasonal influenza outbreaks contribute to the evaluation of the drug's likely utility in future circumstances." "Drug development experience with influenza antiviral drug products in the interpandemic period is, therefore, important to assessing drugs that may be suitable for stockpiling," the agency concludes.
labs since October 1, flu-associated hospitalizations, pediatric deaths from the flu and the antiviral resistance of the most common flu viruses.
Since October 1, 2013, a total of 3,314 influenza viruses have been tested for antiviral resistance, including 3,109 pH1N1 viruses, 151 influenza A (H3N2) viruses, and 54 influenza B viruses.
Association between adverse clinical outcome in human disease caused by novel influenza A H7N9 virus and sustained viral shedding and emergence of antiviral resistance. Lancet.
What is happening to antiviral resistance patterns and how are changes in these patterns affecting recommendations for treatment and chemoprophylaxis?
Influenza antiviral resistance is a growing clinical problem; as such, treatment recommendations are likely to change with time.
A new Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Antiviral Resistance Test accurately detects in three days or less key genetic mutations associated with antiviral resistance to CMV; most other tests' TAT is up to two weeks.
"All of us in gastroenterology are going to have to deal with antiviral resistance. I think we're headed this way both for hepatitis B and hepatitis C.