antonym

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Related to antonymy: synonymy, polysemy, hyponymy, homonymy, Antonyms
See: contra
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As was mentioned in the introduction, antonymy can be considered a paradoxical semantic relation, because at first sight the senses involved differ radically, yet on second thoughts the opposite senses have more aspects in common than not.
Lynne Murphy (2006) has found that antonymy is not just a lexical paradigmatic relation, but it is also manifested on the syntagmatic level, as antonyms occur in several constructions: X and Y, both X and Y, X or Y, X and Y alike etc.
If antonymy is interpreted as a similarity relation (which is quite natural considering that the opposite value applies to just one semantic component out of several) we can agree with Harris in that similarity between words is manifested in their contextual coincidence.
A significant portion of them are represented by the lexical relations of antonymy (oppositeness) and hyponymy/hyperonymy.
I concluded from the corpus data that nominal attack and defence are used frequently to talk about verbal conflict and that the relationship of antonymy between them echoes that found in the source domain of WAR.
Verbal attack and defend also appear to share the relationship of antonymy in the source and target domains; the following citations are typical:</p>
The literal senses of both hot and cold are clearly antonymous in the corpus, and occasionally, there also seems to be antonymy between metaphorical hot and cold.
Overall, the data suggest that a few of the metaphorical senses of the four central temperature adjectives are related to each other by loose synonymy or by antonymy, echoing the relationship which exists in the source domain, but that the majority of their nonliteral senses exist independently.
However, semantic relationships other than synonymy and antonymy may be relevant in the construction of paradigms.