Mean Subscale Scores Subscale Relatives Mean (SD) Rank M/Items Assurance and anxiety reduction
25.56 (2.43) 1 3.65 (7 items) Information (9 items) 29.08 (3.83) 2 3.23 Proximity and accessibility (9 items) 28.36 (4.46) 3 3.15 Comfort (6 items) 17.99 (3.50) 4 3.0 Support (14 items) 40.63 (8.58) 5 2.9 Subscale Staff Mean (SD) Rank M/Items Assurance and anxiety reduction
24.86 (3.26) 1 3.55 (7 items) Information (9 items) 29.49 (3.29) 2 3.28 Proximity and accessibility (9 items) 28.87 (4.41) 3 3.21 Comfort (6 items) 18.64 (2.70) 4 3.11 Support (14 items) 39.27 (7.95) 5 2.8 TABLE 3.
Students who are deemed too socially anxious for groups could be encouraged to use computerized anxiety reduction
programs to enhance their coping skills.
Clearly, use of this substance for anxiety reduction
is not morally offensive for these participants and they do not negatively judge others who self-medicate for this purpose.
In a study by Kendrick et al , something called cognitive restructuring was employed over three, two-hour training sessions to elicit anxiety reduction
in 53 highly anxious pianists.
Aerobic exercise for longer than twelve minutes per day for a minimum of ten weeks proved necessary to achieve significant anxiety reduction
. (11) Yoga also has been shown to reduce anxiety symptoms.
Research into the effects of music (as a distraction) played pre-, intra- or postoperatively (Miluk-Kolasa 1996, Cooke et al 2005) has been conducted, but few studies have shown significant benefits in terms of anxiety reduction
. Other studies have indicated positive support for the use of music both before (Moss 1987, Updike & Charles 1987) and during surgery (Steelman 1990, Stevens 1990).
following exercise and meditation.
In fact, drugs such as Valium and Ambien work by boosting the ability of GABA to bind to receptor sites in the brain, promoting effects like relaxation, anxiety reduction
, and sleepiness.
But research shows moderate-intensity activity for up to 30 minutes produces a greater effect on anxiety reduction
Dental anxiety reduction
and dental attendance after treatment in a dental fear clinic: a follow-up study.
But when done to excess or in a self-mutilating manner as with lick granulomas, for the purpose of anxiety reduction
, the routines become a misdirected or much-overdone variation on normal behavior.
Insight versus desensitization in psychotherapy: An experiment in anxiety reduction
. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.