Phillips 1864) scbe (h)wc dplyrwpwrys' [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] want-PART.M.SG.ABS be-SUF.3.M.SG that+inform do-PRE.3.M.SG+him he wanted to inform him (3.17) In this example, a conjugated form of the verbal root [square root of (term)]'bd occurs with plyrwpwrys', which derives from the Greek aorist
active infinitive [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (LSJ 1419).
Grammatical aspect of the periphrastic gerund in Saint Croix Imperfect Aorist
Perfect Prospective Total 188 27 4 1 220 85.5% 12.3% 2 .2 100% TABLE 3.
forgiveness on the part of God (aorist
Moreover, it cannot account for adjectival periphrasis with the perfect and aorist
participle ([section] 2.2).
As I have argued previously (Floyd 1978)--without, at that time, any specific treatment of Odyssean recognition--it is better to take -da-a2 as a single item, viz., a verb form, complementing do*sei "will give." My alternative explanation is that da-a2 = dahan represents the ancestor of Classical dosan "they gave" (unaugmented aorist
, as is regular in Linear B and also frequent in Homer).
Studies of the grammatical patterns of NT narratives show that typically the author uses the aorist
(usually indicative, sometimes circumstantial participle) to convey the main line of his narrative sequence (the storyline); this kind of study goes by the name discourse analysis or textlinguistics.
Note that the Sw form seems to be marked for present as well as past tense (aorist
+ present + past); this may be diachronically true, but it is more likely that the -a (probably from 'is') was already a grammaticalized future marker when the past tense marker -aloo (from "was") was added to create a new, primarily modal, category.
This is not the first time the aorist
was used in this fragment.
the Greek aorist
(= indefinite), which did not specify whether a past was complete or continuous.
By giving me the absolute past of the post (aorist
), the photograph tells me death in the future.
The infinite is a delusional compromise between antiquity and modernity, but it is neither, and because it is not located in time (like the Greek aorist
), it can last but a moment.
(60) Ancient Greek had two simple past tenses (plus perfect tenses), imperfect and aorist
, corresponding to the modern Spanish imperfect and preterite, or the French imperfait and passe simple.