. When the President appoints, he not only can choose from
While the elected assessor is both bureaucrat and politician, even if the assessor is appointed it is possible that their elected appointer
will apply pressure to underassess constituent property.
In his article, he joins most of this Issue's articles in concluding that empirical studies successfully explain some court decisions through the party identification of judicial appointers
. (31) He suggests that others--nonempirical students, and some judges--find these studies offensive, partly because they miss the point: Judges are predictable only because they are independent, (32) and to the extent judicial independence is a good thing (and, say, the Bangalore Principles (33) suggest that a great many countries think it is), the fact that judges are political should engender pride.
If we assume that systematic bias is undesirable in any court, neutralizing it will require appointers
to look toward other, unrepresented circuits for the next few appointees.
Our advice to appointers
is limited when the gap is
the non-elected appointers
may be particularly difficult, especially in
The basic idea is that freshly created he appointers
may be associated with a type, and that a tag for an unknown type [Alpha] can be tested against a tag for a known type [Tau].
In this case the appointers
have an incentive to allow themselves to be fooled as well.
Adding this cohort of appointed policy leaders to the representative bureaucracy framework raises an important question: Where do the loyalties of appointed leaders lie -- with their appointers
, with their racial and gender subgroups in the general population, or with the interests of their organizations?
These explanations are evidently not regarded as in tension with the claim that justices appointed on the basis of presumed anti-Roe views will almost never disappoint their pro-life appointers
Other journals that were nobly conceived and carefully nurtured have fallen prey to the predations of careerist editors with hidden agenda that could not have been known to their appointers
. The unfortunate journals have fallen into oblivion also.
The acceptance theory posits that someone cannot be appointed to office against her will, meaning that the President (and other appointers
) cannot unilaterally appoint to office.