Indeed, this rich and important phenomenon offers an opportunity to develop models and tools for argumentation
and to conceive autonomous artificial agents that can exploit these models and tools in the cognitive tasks they are required to carry out.
Indeed, the use of graphical tools for supporting argumentation
has shown diverse benefits, such as the clarification of arguments, keeping arguments on track, giving a general overview of the argumentation
's structure, or helping find new patterns of evidence (Noroozi et al.
Further, if an indicator has a normalized coinage, the reasons justifying its use in a particular situation will be precisely those criteria that we use to classify the argumentation
independently [emphasis added] of the presence of the indicator, (p.
Given teachers' lack of argumentation
knowledge and pedagogical strategies, many would benefit from formal professional development in this area.
The Tolmin Model of argumentation
(2003) is an approach which helps to improve the evidence based decision making of students.
316) the universalization principle is "implied in argumentation
[because] everyone who can understand an argument must in principle be able to be convinced by it simply because of its argumentative force.
However impressive it may be to establish the viability of subsuming all branches of argument evaluation into the category of meta-argumentation
, there is something more that needs to be done, namely, arguing that the strategy of seeing all argumentation
through the evaluative lens provided by meta-argumentative analysis is fruitful or desirable, and perhaps even unavoidable.
is conflict-free in the sense that the participants cooperate in arguing.
Over the three-day conference, which was held both in Arabic and English, a total of 120 research papers were presented, discussing topics on argumentation
, rhetoric and debate.
So, the explicit form, which can be treated as an argumentation
scheme will be: In this case, I have the social status S.
Kuhn (1992) conducted a study on argumentation
of 160 individuals ranging from ninth grade students through adult.
The text contains five lessons, specifically (1) Perspectives on Argumentation
, (2) Language in Argumentation
, (3) Arguments: Analysis and Evaluation (4) Managing Conflict, and (5) Ethics in Inquiry and Advocacy.