To develop students' evidence-based decision-making skills, argumentation
strategies can be used in the science classroom.
The Tolmin Model of argumentation
(2003) is an approach which helps to improve the evidence based decision making of students.
316) the universalization principle is "implied in argumentation
[because] everyone who can understand an argument must in principle be able to be convinced by it simply because of its argumentative force." (5)
is conflict-free in the sense that the participants cooperate in arguing.
Over the three-day conference, which was held both in Arabic and English, a total of 120 research papers were presented, discussing topics on argumentation
, rhetoric and debate.
So, the explicit form, which can be treated as an argumentation
scheme will be: In this case, I have the social status S.
Kuhn (1992) conducted a study on argumentation
of 160 individuals ranging from ninth grade students through adult.
The author, a Communication Professor at the University of North Dakota, notes that our society is plagued by nonsense, claptrap, and humbug and that "Argumentation
applied ethically has the potential to serve as ar antidote to quackery and other manifestations of untruth." He also states "the choice to argue should be mindful" and that "argumentation
as civil discourse should never be taken for granted." Amen to that, Professor Fiordo.
can be defined as an attempt to establish or validate a claim on the basis of reasons (Norris et al., 2007) or as a process of proposing, supporting, evaluating, and refining a claim as part of a group in a manner that reflects the values of the scientific community (Kuhn, 1993).
Twenty years ago, Hans-Hermann Hoppe presented (3) the argument that no justificatory argumentation
can invalidate the principles of libertarian capitalism (4) because those principles are presupposed in every dialogue in which their validity would be questioned.
During the two-day conference, professors from different countries and professional backgrounds participated in this conference and discussed the theme of argumentation
in the fields of philosophy, communication, history, and didactics as well as languages and literature.
is a major topic in the study of artificial intelligence (Bench-Capon and Dunne 2007; Atkinson et al.