It went through the gracilis muscle and passes posterior to the medial margin of the adductor longus before perforating the articular capsule
. The nearest structure was the ON, with a mean distance of 1.26 [+ or -] 0.57 cm medial to the portal (Table I).
According to envelopes result, the experimental group injected 3g of tranexamic acid in 40 mL of sterile saline into hip articular cavity from intermuscular space following fixation of the implants and closure of articular capsule
, short external rotators, whereas the control group received 40 mL of sterile saline in the same way.
Classically, the synovial consists of two layers: an intima layer formed by fibroblast-like type B cells, similar to fibroblasts that synthesize proteins, glycoproteins and proteoglycans, and macrophage-like type B cells, similar to macrophages (and with phagocytic capacity) and another support layer under the first one called subintima (with plenty of blood and lymphatic vessels) that blends in with the articular capsule [9, 29].
de Jongh, "Critical periods in the prenatal morphogenesis of the human lateral pterygoid muscle, the mandibular condyle, the articular disk, and medial articular capsule," American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol.
Contractile properties of the articular capsule
or ligament, in the primary spines of the sea-urchin Eucidaris tribuloides.
Accordingly, yon Uexkull called this muscle layer Bewegungsmuskulatur (motion-supporting muscle) as opposed to the articular capsule
, which he believed also to be a muscle, the Sperrmuskulatur (catch or holding muscle).
Third head of biceps may present as a group of accessory fascicles arising from the coracoid process, the pectoralis major tendon, head of humerus, articular capsule
of humerus or from shaft of humerus itself .
By doing this, the blocks with the mandibular fossa, the articular disc, the mandible condyle, the articular capsule
and posterior third of the lateral pterygoid muscle were obtained, with both the heads.
The thicker part ended on the upper surface of the articular capsule
of the shoulder joint, the thinner part inserted on the lateral third of inferior part of clavicle and fascia of subclavius muscle.
According to the literature the articular muscle of the knee has the function of retraction of the suprapatellar bursa (Rouviere, 1971; Testut & Latarjet, 1977; Kimura & Takahashi, 1987; Salgado, 1995; Puig et al., 1996), of the retraction of the synovial menbrane (Didio et al., 1969; Kendall & McCreary; Smith et al.), and more frequently the retraction of the articular capsule
(Ahmad; Gray; Kendall & McCreary; Puig et al.; Smith et al.; Moore & Dalley; Didio, 2002), avoiding the compression of these structures during the extension of the knee (Ahmad; Testut & Latarjet; Puig et al,; Smith et al.; Didio, 2002).
Benjamin & Ralphs mentioned the existence of two types of ligaments: capsular, when the ligament is a local thickening of the articular capsule
, or accessory when it is located free from the joint capsule, inside or outside the capsule.