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SURGERY, med. jur. That part of the healing art which relates to external diseases; their treatment; and, specially, to the manual operations adopted for their cure.
     2. Every lawyer should have some acquaintance with surgery; his knowledge on this subject will be found useful in cases of homicide and wounds.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Several priority claims have been attributed to Groves, including aseptic surgery (1874),[sup.4] appendectomy (1883)[sup.3] and the use of surgical gloves (1885).[sup.3] His contributions as a pioneer in urology are less well-known.
The skin was prepared for aseptic surgery using a septal scrub followed by a povidone-iodine wash.
Nevertheless, it took a generation for his insights, cautiously studied and refined by American doctors, to produce aseptic surgery. By 1890, with hospital contagion no longer the deadly menace it had been just a few years before, the medical world was in the early stages of an unprecedented boom in surgery.
It marked the transition from antiseptic surgery (killing the germs that were present) to aseptic surgery (in which the germs weren't allowed to get there in the first place).
The site was prepared for aseptic surgery. The calf was anaesthetized with Xylazine (@ 0.03 mg/kg b.wt.) and Ketamine (@ 2 mg/kg b.wt.) intravenously and placed in left lateral recumbency.