Research on individual differences in causal attributions about others' negative outcomes (attributional
styles) corroborates Weiner's helping model, linking unsupportive attributional
style (i.e., a tendency to explain others' negative outcomes with causes personally controllable by the victim) with harsh treatment of others (Higgins & Shaw, 1999; Lundquist, Higgins, & Prkachin, 2002).
bias and aggressive behavior in global context.
The impacts of attributional
styles and dispositional optimism on subject well-being: A structural equation modelling analysis.
In fact, many students have developed maladaptive (negative) attributional
thinking, a way of thinking that can inhibit the goals of character education programs.
Success and failure in junior high school: a critical incident approach to understanding students' attributional
analysis of judgments of help giving in an achievement-related context.
The parents' narratives clearly revealed Attributional
difficulties in accounting for idiosyncratic traits and the discrete influence of gender, age and birth order.
From this perspective, regarding attributional
styles, Locus (place in Latin) of control is the expectation of the individual regarding how much his/her life is controlled by internal forces (personal effort, skill, etc.), or external forces (other people, luck, chance, etc.) (Phares 1976).
The study found that a pessimistic attributional
style partly mediates the relationship between verbal abuse and the development of internalizing problems.
(18) Jon Hanson & David Yosifon, "The Situation: An Introduction to the Situational Character, Critical Realism, Power Economics, and Deep Capture" (2003) 152:1 U Pa L Rev 129 at 132-33 [Hanson & Yosifon, "Situation"]; Bendorado & Hanson, "Attributional
Divide", supra note 11 at 314.
It has been found that highly identified fans demonstrate a success/failure attributional
bias, similar to the team-serving bias, in that they form internal attributions following success (Madrigal & Chen, 2008; Wann & Dolan, 1994) and external attributions following defeat (Wann & Dolan, 1994; Wann & Schrader, 2000).
style (i.e., locus of control) influences one's HIV risk.