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HALLUCINATION, med. jur. It is a species of mania, by which "an idea reproduced by the memory is associated and embodied by the imagination." This state of mind is sometimes called delusion or waking dreams.
     2. An attempt has been made to distinguish hallucinations from illusions; the former are said to be dependent on the state of the intellectual organs and, the latter, on that of those of sense. Ray, Med. Jur. Sec. 99; 1 Beck, med. Jur. 538, note. An instance is given of a temporary hallucination in the celebrated Ben Johnson, the poet. He told a friend of his that he had spent many a night in looking at his great toe, about which he had seen Turks and Tartars, Romans and Carthagenians, fight, in his imagination. 1 Coll. on Lun. 34. If, instead of being temporary, this affection of his mind had been permanent, he would doubtless have been considered insane. See, on the subject of spectral illusions, Hibbert, Alderson and Farrar's Essays; Scott on Demonology, &c.; Bostock's Physiology, vol. 3, p. 91, 161; 1 Esquirol, Maladies Mentales, 159.

References in periodicals archive ?
Assessments of the patients' auditory hallucinations were completed by researchers who were blind to which treatments patients had had.
2) The level of evidence was very low and the results were inconsistent, so the efficiency of tDCS for auditory hallucination could not be proven.
9) It has also been proposed that a single gene may be even responsible for hallucinatory experiences 10 implying that those who have not inherited such a gene may not experience auditory hallucinations, but still could experience other characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia.
Neuroimaging auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia: From neuroanatomy to neurochemistry and beyond.
Left superior temporal gyrus activation during sentence perception negatively correlates with auditory hallucination severity in schizophrenia patients.
None was receiving psychological or psychiatric treatment and none suffered from auditory hallucinations, but during the interview in which the measurement instrument was administered, 37.
In up to 25% of cases, auditory hallucinations are resistant to antipsychotic medical treatment, and even when they do respond, they are the last symptom to remit, and often, the first to reappear, said Dr.
This study, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal, involved 150 patients in Britain who had had schizophrenia for around 20 years and who had been experiencing persistent and distressing auditory hallucinations for more than a year.
She described active multiple auditory hallucinations that commanded her to kill herself and suggested multiple means (e.
She subsequently developed secondary delusions to those of jealousy, including being watched and persecuted, auditory hallucinations, an irritable mood, and violent and disorganized behavior.
The psychiatrist Louis Gould wanted to know whether auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia have anything to do with the phenomenon of subvocal speech.
Musical ear syndrome (MES) is a condition that causes patients with hearing impairment to have non-psychiatric auditory hallucinations.