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A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Until such evidence is available, surgeons in practice should rely on autogenous grafts that can be supplemented with an osteoconductive matrix or DBM or other inductive product (Fig.
For autogenous grafts, most surgeons prefer to use cartilage and fascia of the temporal muscle.
The possibility of lack of growth or overgrowth in reconstruction of jaws by autogenous grafts and advantages and disadvantages of reconstruction of the defects by artificial materials such as total joint prostheses have been discussed previously.
Comparatively, the autogenous grafts have better handling characteristics for surgery with good biocompatibility.
Autogenous grafts are still considered the gold standard, although some studies report that they are prone to higher rates of resorption, up to 49.5% after 6 months; in addition, they require a donor site and increase patient risk (1, 12).
In vascular traumas, which are not appropriate for primary repair, autogenous grafts are preferred for vessel continuity.14,15 Autologous grafts are preferred for their short-term and longterm patency ratios (98%) and their resistance to infection.16 Synthetic grafts (PTFE and Dacron grafts) also have good results when autologous grafts are not available.11
This led to a wide use of autogenous grafts like dermis fat, subcutaneous fat, auricular cartilage, and temporalis muscle and fascia.19 Out of the different autogenous materials,temporalis muscle has proved to be a reliable muscle flap with predictable blood supply.9,10 Moreover it is a local flap associated with less surgical morbidity and thus less hospital stay.12,13 Kaban et al used it as a favoured lining of TMJ in joint reconstruction in children.20