automatism


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Automatism

An involuntary act such as sleepwalking that is performed in a state of unconsciousness. The subject does not act voluntarily and is not fully aware of his or her actions while in a state of automatism. Automatism has been used as a defense to show that a defendant lacked the requisite mental state for the commission of a crime. A defense based on automatism asserts that there was no act in the legal sense because at the time of the alleged crime, the defendant had no psychic awareness or volition. Some American jurisdictions have recognized automatism as a complete, Affirmative Defense to most criminal charges. An Insanity Defense, by comparison, asserts that the accused possessed psychic awareness or volition, but at the time of the offense, the accused possessed a mental disorder or defect that caused them to commit the offense or prevented them from understanding the wrongness of the offense.

automatism

see INSANITY.
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The most recent COMA case to address the defense of automatism is United States v.
Because it is possible that psi information might come through other vehicles than motor automatism, such as visual imagery, participants were asked to make separate ratings for impressions that came directly from the board and other impressions.
The Supreme Court of Canada recently looked at the use of automatism as a defence to criminal charges.
But he is running an alternative defence that if the jury find that he had done it, that he was labouring under an insane automatism at the time following an epileptic episode.
Isabel sits with Phil and half-listens to his talk of surrealist automatism, the Situationists, urban ambience, psychic atmospheres.
Yet for all their continuing obscurity--even in France, where Hantai has long been seen as a major figure, the early works on paper remain little known--these deceptively modest paintings offer early evidence of some of Hantai's defining preoccupations: tactile engagement with the support; the possibility of an "objective" automatism, rooted in materials and techniques; and the undoing of clear-cut figure-ground relations.
Prosecutors and defence both sides agreed he had strangled his wife while in a state of automatism.
Not counting an introduction, epilogue, and several appendices, there were eight chapters entitled: "Disintegrations of Personality," "Genius," "Sleep," "Hypnotism," "Sensory Automatism," "Phantasms of the Dead," "Motor Automatism," and "Trance, Possession and Ecstasy.
But Dr Philip Joseph, a consultant psychiatrist for the prosecution, said: "The more purposeful, co- ordinated, motivated and goal-directing, the less likely that person is in a state of automatism.
The defence of automatism has had a limited but colorful history.
This market includes the drops, supplies and works required for the renovation (IEG - automatism HTA field, .
Thus, automatism took root in the cafeteria culture of a wartime Big Apple, and the Surrealists in exile (Masson, Max Ernst, Yves Tanguy, Roberto Matta Echaurren, Kurt Seligmann, and others) directly influenced the drip and allover of the gestural Abstract Expressionists.