When he ensouls an inanimate object as his adoring counterpart, he manifests precisely the unconscious automatism that has all along determined his comportment toward the world, his foundational investment in a narcissistic fantasy of perfection and ultimacy.
Hoffmann thus elaborates what may be regarded as a precursory figuration of the Surrealist concept of "psychic automatism," famously defined by Andre Breton in the first "Manifesto of Surrealism" (1924) as a deliberate suspension of rational thought and logic facilitating a desiring fantasia of tropological freeplay and nonsensical whimsy, of inexplicable happenings and spectacular appearance.
In their operation, Doctor Hoffman's desire machines are thus reminiscent of the serial, multiplicitous automatism on display in E.
But if the several representations of automata and automatism discussed thus far entail contrary implications of life and death, the invocation of six-legged invertebrates as metaphoric for the shapeshifting dynamism of the unconscious is no less overdetermined.
His depiction of the simultaneously monstrous and marvelous prospect of insect life powerfully suggests a biological substrate underlying both the automatism that transpires as a swarm of desiring impulses multifariously engaging the phenomenal flow and its disturbing other, a stance toward the world in effect determined to swallow up the totality of existence.
In Myers's view telekinesis was a variant of motor automatisms directed by the subliminal self (Vol.
The last part of Edge's comment is precisely what Myers referred to as sensory and motor automatisms.
Similarly, modern research and theorization on hallucinations (Bentall, 2000), hypnosis (Fromm & Nash, 1992), and creativity (Sternberg, 1999), for example, do not depend for the most part on the concepts of sensory automatisms, suggestions on the subliminal self, or subliminal uprushes.
We could follow up Myers's initiative in his analysis of sensory automatisms such as intuitions and all kinds of imagery-based psi-mediating vehicles.
There is also much to explore regarding the use of motor automatisms as an expression of ESE Certainly there have been many studies in psychical research of the automatic writing of mediums (Stevenson, 1978).
Although this medium is better known for her motor automatisms (automatic speaking, writing and drawing), she also produced sensory automatisms, as seen in her hallucinations.
77) statement that in his early papers on automatisms Myers went astray by accepting that telepathy was part of subconscious processes.